"Your brother is responsible."
Translation:Tá do dheartháir freagrach.
Can anyone help me with this? When translating to Irish, why do I need to use "Ta", rather than "Is...e" with this sentence?
The big thing: use is (note, it doesn't have to be é; it can be í, iad, thú, muid, mé as well) when you're using two nouns ("He is the doctor", "I am a man," etc), and use tá when using anything else. That's the basics and the best way to do it starting out.
That sounds good. I'll try that. This language is pretty hard for me, as it is the first I have studied here with no previous experience at all. Thanks--have a lingot.
Ah. I don't think I've even had "bi" yet. I'll stay tuned for that. But the predicate adjectives idea sounds useful. Thanks.
There are eleven irregular verbs in Irish; the verb to be (bí) is one of them. For all other verbs, you only need to know the basic root of the verb in order to construct the present/past/future etc - but for the irregular verbs you need to memorise the individual tenses!
You met the present tense of bí in Basics 1: tá mé/táim, tá tú, tá sé, tá sí, tá muid/táimid, tá sibh, tá siad.
(This is really to Lancet, but there is no more "reply" indent room.)
Yes, I am familiar with conjugation and even irregular conjugation as concepts, but for those utter newcomers to Irish, like myself, a list of the irregular verbs might be useful, especially in cases like 'bi', where the infinitive bears no obvious etymological relationship to its conjugated forms. Just a hint would be good (like the one you have just given me, but in a general-access location, not buried in a discussion thread).
In response to your comment below, you'll find a list of the irregular verbs in the Tips & Notes section for Basics 2.