How do you know when to utilize min/mina/mitt? It's obviously "Min kaffe" but why not "Mitt kaffe"? Thanks!
It's actually Mitt kaffe (but Min kopp kaffe, since kopp is an "en" word). These are a bit tricky, sometimes it depends on an implied noun holding the beverage in question and sometimes I think it's down to the thing in question being uncountable.
We know it's mitt kaffe because the definitive form (the coffee) is kaffet (kaffen would be plural).
Edit: Oh, and "mina" is for plural things. Mina kaffen. :-)
Is 'mitt kaffe' applicable to any form of coffee? (eg. coffee (beans) vs brewed coffee)
Yes, when in neuter/ett.
It is a mass noun when used with ett (kaffet), so even if you have two packets of coffee beans or two cups of coffee, you will still say "mitt kaffe" (singular).
Used with "en", or a number, it means servings/cups of coffee. "Min kaffe" thus means my cup of coffee.
Since only the en-version can be plural, using "mina" will refer to servings/cups of coffe. You rarely say that though, instead it becomes the mass noun "mitt kaffe". (For "öl" however, that have the same en/ett use, it is more common to say "mina öl" for many servings.)
To specify f.ex. many packets of coffee beans, you say "mina paket kaffe", or "två paket kaffe". (Then it is "paket" that controls the gender.)
I think it depends on the word for bean. The fact that its a coffeebean wouldnt make that different
I dont know about your native language, but it's comparable to mon/ma/mes in french. One for each grammatical gender (min/mitt) and the same (mina) for plurals.
Tack så mycket for all the good answers! I was wondering the same thing as Rebeca but not now :)
majid, can you please tell me the meaning of the last 3 words in your comment? Tack sã mycket
@Indie taIbot i think you will use mitt if the word is with "ett" for example =ett brev ( a letter ) so you'll say "mitt brev" The min if the word is with "en" = en penna ( a pen) min penna .. so therefore we need to know of its en or ett .. I hope this is right tho :)