"Vintern är den vita årstiden."

Translation:The winter is the white season.

November 21, 2014



It is den vita årstiden instead of den vit årstiden because årstiden is a definite noun. Adjectives for definite nouns, irrespective of gender or number, always get the -a ending (except for naturally masculine words, who get -e). This wasn't explained yet but can be found here: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swedish_grammar#Adjectives

November 21, 2014


Thanks for explaining ahead of time... I took a look at it and raised a solitary eyebrow!

November 25, 2014


Men vilket ögonbryn?

March 19, 2018


Tack så mycket!

November 27, 2014


Here, have a lingot!

November 9, 2015



March 23, 2015


Tack så mycket!

December 28, 2017


Why not årstid? "Den vita årstiden" sounds redundant.

December 2, 2014


This is another peculiarity of Swedish - sometimes the definite is formed both with the free standing article (den/det) as well as the ending (en/et). You're right that it sounds redundant - the closest direct translation in English would be 'The white the season', which is kinda weird!

December 3, 2014


I think the Semitic languages do that too.

June 2, 2018


Yes, adjective agreement is a feature of Arabic.

As for the purpose, I suppose its to help in listening, two definite markers are better than one in lossy conversation!

December 10, 2018


could i omit the den?

December 26, 2015


No. This is a feature of Swedish which is called double determinacy. You can even say that the determinacy is triple, since both the article, the adjective, and the noun show determinacy. You can think of it as a kind of harmony between the words, where they all express the same grammatical feature.

There are a few expressions where the article isn't needed. These are special cases that are perceived more or less as names. Vita huset for 'The White House' is one example – if we're speaking about the house where POTUS lives, not if we're speaking about some other white house.

December 26, 2015


thank you for the detailed answer. Beside some Swedish stuff I learned what POTUS means :) Just to put a cherry over the cream cake - if I say "jag vet det svaret" and "jag vet svaret" - what is the difference between both?

December 27, 2015


You would not say "Jag vet det svaret" for "I know . The definite article is only used when there is an adjective on the noun. Though - of course - there are exceptions, as Arnauti has mentioned in a reply below.

So to be complete:

svar (ett-word)

Jag vet svaret = I know the answer.

Jag vet det svåra svaret = I know the difficult answer.

Jag vet ett svar = I know an answer.

Jag vet ett svårt svar = I know a difficult answer.

fråga (en-word)

Jag vet frågan = I know the question.

Jag vet den svåra frågan = I know the difficult question.

Jag vet en fråga = I know a question.

Jag vet en svår fråga = I know a difficult question

p.s. Vet/Know here does not mean 'I know the answer to the question' but only 'I know of the (existence of) question'. Again, see Arnauti's comment down for more.

December 27, 2015


It is actually possible to say det svaret, it means that answer.

On the other hand, we normally use the verb kan with svar and particularly with fråga. There is an important difference in meaning too: if I say jag vet en fråga, that means I know of a question, i.e. I know what the question is, but if jag kan en fråga, that means that I know the question, i.e. know the answer to the question. (it could also mean that I know a certain question by heart, though less likely)

The important thing is that you can not say 'jag vet den här frågan' to mean that you can answer this question. It's Jag vet det här, but Jag kan den här frågan.

December 28, 2015


amrjunior1 yes, I'm a native Swedish speaker from Sweden. I'm one of the people who helped create this course in the first place and I sometimes hang out here to answer questions.

It is possible to say Jag kan det svaret, it means 'I know that answer'. It's a bit hard to think of a context for this sentence, but it is correct.

December 29, 2015


tack tack. Are you Swede? You write "we normally use". Why do you then do Swedish on Duo? And please, coming back "à nos moutons": so it's ok to say "jag kan det staret", isn't it?

December 28, 2015


I see. But with a här it is possible, right? though there is no adjective Like " jag vet det här svaret" - I know this answer

December 27, 2015


Ah yes, det här svaret means this answer. In these constructions there is also a definite article. Again, for completeness sake:

svar (ett-word)

Det här svaret = This answer.

Detta svar = This answer.

Det där svaret = That answer.

fråga (en-word)

Den här frågan = This question.

Denna fråga = This question.

Den där frågan = That question.

frågor (plural)

De här frågorna = These questions.

Dessa frågor = These questions

De där frågorna = Those questions

December 27, 2015


Would "vinter" instead of "vintern" be correct?

December 5, 2017



May 9, 2018


So, why is it that this is "den vita årstiden" (two definite articles) but earlier there was "de gula byxorna"... is there a difference between den and de when used in this way?

December 3, 2014


Both are the same. They both have a definite article and a definite ending.

Den is the definite singular (common gender) article.

De is the definite plural article

Årstiden is the definite singular form of årstid (which is of the common gender).

Byxorna is the definite plural form of byxa.

December 3, 2014


is it wrong to say "vinter är en vita årstid"?

February 22, 2015


Vita is either used with definite adjective or plural

April 6, 2015


Why " den" is there. What if i say vintern är vita årstiden instead of vintern är den vita årstiden

December 25, 2015


see my answer to amrjunior1 below

December 26, 2015


I am confused when i use den in colors

December 29, 2015


When used with a definite noun, the noun also gets den/det/de before the adjective (i.e. color).

January 25, 2016


I like when Duo turns poetic

April 24, 2016


Should't 'the winter is the white season of the year' be accepted as correct?

May 29, 2017


We would never say that in English!

September 1, 2017


That's because we never get that much snow! But it's definitely a thing that could be written in a poem.

October 21, 2017


It should be 'winter is the white season' which is translating exactly from the Swedish anyway. p.s. you don't have to have snow to acknowledge that Sweden does have snow :) just as I have never seen a moose in real life but they'd be pretty common in Sweden

October 21, 2017


I also think it's more natural to say "winter is the white season" (without an article before winter) than to say "the winter is the white season". But maybe duolingo was just going for a direct translation and not a more idiomatic one.

February 6, 2019


why it is not "vintern är den vita säsongen"

December 22, 2017


why not årstid instead of årstiden.??

June 7, 2018


Because it's THE white season.

June 7, 2018


Not in my country, though :D

March 17, 2019


This sentence gets me every time, because it's such a weird thing to day.

January 25, 2016


It is actually not that weird to say, since Sweden get snow during winter. The sentence refers to the snow.

(Then again, early spring is a wet and horrible season, due to all of the snow that's melting)

January 26, 2016
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