Depends on the context, e.g.;
A - 'I met Sally's dog today' B - 'She has no dog...'
It comes across as a little archaic in English (partly because I couldn't think of a better example), but it's valid. Plus my way of remembering Swedish sentence structure is that it's ofen similar to older forms of English sentence structure.
Also, Duolingo says that the sentence is supposed to be 'she doesnt have a dog', so take that how you will.
I think there are some nouns where the singular would make sense for the "She has no..." construction - for example cake, paper, food, and ink. However there are other nouns where you would use the plural. Ex kids/children, cats, pens, book, and ball. I would argue that "dog" fit's into that but you'd have to look at a corpus to see if "have no dog" is used with any frequency.
I'm not saying that you can't say that in Swedish, but it isn't something that you would say in English.
I agree with aokoye. With books Duolingo enforces the "no bookS" rule, but with dogs it enforces "no dog", which is silly. And cost me validating my Swedish level!
inget is for t-words, ingen for n-words, inga for plural.
- Jag har inget hus. (I don't have a house)
- Jag har ingen hund. (I don't have a dog)
- Jag har inga ögon. (I don't have any eyes)
So somebody maybe could explain, how this inte word is folding dependin on situation?
Here ingen works like the German kein (I see that you are learning German). The word not is not translated on it's own into Swedish (which would result in inte). Instead does not have is translated into har ingen. It's similar to the English sentence She has no dog.
Does that help?
Hallå! From my understanding, in German, it is preferable to use kein when negating a sentence with a noun after the verb, such as Wir haben keine Äpfel. I'm not sure if the same applies to Swedish. Is there a difference between Jag har inte hund and Jag har ingen hund?
Tack så mycket!
Not one that I can think of right now, no. There might be a slight difference, but it's a minor one. I suggest that you use ingen if that helps keeps simple with your German :)
If you slightly raise your voice at the end, sure, just like you could in English. But throughout the course, questions will be formed in the way of inverting the order of subject and verb, i.e. "har hon ingen hund?".
But could I also say "Hon har inte en hund", or something like that? Or is "Hon har ingen hund" the only possible option?
I dare to say you could use it in a sentence like "hon har inte en hund, hon har två hundar" to emphasise she has not one dog but two. Am I right?
(In that case the English sentence would be "She doesn't have one dog" instead of "She doesn't have a dog".)
As HansLovesIce says, ingen normally translates as 'no'.
You can use does not have any + singular noun to some extent in English, but not really with concrete nouns. So most native speakers would probably tell you that "She doesn't have any dog" doesn't sound good, whereas they'll probably accept expressions with a mass noun instead, like for instance "She does not have any food".
Afaik there aren't any limitations of this kind on not any + plural nouns, so Hon har inga hundar can easily be 'She does not have any dogs'.
what's the difference between... 1) Hon har ingen hund 2) Hon har inga hund 3) Hon har inte en hund
I mean in a practical way. What's the difference between ingen, inga and using inte?
2) is just wrong.
ingen negates the noun so Hon har ingen hund is 'She has no dog' but inte negates the verb so Hon har inte en hund is 'She does not have a dog'. (this one is more likely to imply '…but she does have a cat').
its bad english grammar to write it like that, it would be "she does not have a dog" or "she has no dog".
This isn't a question about this sentence, but I am in the Ruby League and my last 65 points have not registered. I can't see how to post this in the Troubleshooting. I can see general questions but not how to post a new question. Help!