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  5. "We swim in the summers."

"We swim in the summers."

Translation:Vi simmar på somrarna.

November 24, 2014



Sorry if this is a silly question, but how do you figure out whether to use i/på/etc?


For starters:
Days of the week: på - på måndag - on Monday
Months: i - i augusti - in August
Seasons: på - på sommaren - in the summer


Either you practice a lot or you learn all the cases by heart. I suggest practicing.


I can usually make an educated guess, but sometimes it confuses me - I was just wondering whether there was any general rule I could follow. Thanks anyway! :)



i and are the trickiest ones, this ^^ might help :P


why does sommar lose an M? is mmr a no-no cluster? which other words behave alike? I'm so full of questions right now


<m> is only ever doubled if it is between vowels (or in a few cases at the end of a word following a vowel). Otherwise it's always on it's own.

sommar - somrar
hammare - hamra 'hammer - to hammer'
dum - dummare 'dumb - dumber'
fem - femma 'five - a number five'

It's actually a very stupid rule because it doesn't comply with the rest of the system. If the consonant is single, the preceding vowel is supposed to be long - but not <m>. dum, vem and döma all have short vowels.


In some cases double m is used in the end of a word when there is another word with just one m, for instance lam (lame) - lamm (lamb), dam (lady) - damm (dust/pond).


Yes, mmra is a no-no. The word nummer behaves the same, being numret and numren in definite singular and definite plural respectively. I don't remember other cases right now, but the rule is that mmra is awkward unless it loses an M.


dubbel -mm- or -nn- are always between vowels, and always becomes singel -m- or -n- when followed by a consonant (inside the same word).

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