I'm on basic adjectives and I can't figure out when to add an -e at the end of it and when not to? Can someone please give me some clear guidelines on what to do?
Basically there are 4 cases:
- de-word with definite article: -e
- de-word with indefinite (or no) article: -e
- het-word with definite article: -e
- het-word with indefinite (or no) article: NO -e
Here's some examples:
- de sterke jongen
- een sterke jongen
- het sterke meisje
- een sterk meisje
Then there's one last exception: if the adjective doesn't come directly before its noun, then it never gets the -e.
You can find a more detailed explanation in the grammar overview.
Mygrapefruit has created this very useful list of het and de words (important when dealing with the tricky adjective endings). I've been using the Memrise course as well- really great work.
Memrise course (audio added soon!): http://www.memrise.com/course/356041/dutch-duolingo-de-or-het-vocabulary/