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https://www.duolingo.com/Misya_Ozawa

Spanish Lesson: Determiners

I have a hard time figuring out when estos or esto means that or this. When I was trying to finish the first lesson I consecutively got questions wrong.

ex: estos son mis hermanos Those are my brothers or these are my brothers? Which one is correct?

3 years ago

9 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/Jibrah

Remember: "This and These have the 't's." So, esto y estos = this and these. eso y esos = that and those.

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/FranoisYve
FranoisYve
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I. LOVE. THIS. Thank you so much! This is such a helpful mnemonic! Thank you!

3 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Beta-Tron
Beta-Tron
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DEMONSTRATIVE ADJECTIVES

Masculine - Feminine - English - Distance

Singular: este - esta - this near or directly concerned with the speaker

Plural: estos - estas - these

Singular: ese - esa - that - not particularly near to or directly concerned with the

Plural: esos - esas - those - speaker

Singular: aquel - aquella - that - far from and not directly concerned with the speaker

Plural: aquellos - aquellas - those

DEMONSTRATIVE PRONOUNS

Masculine - Feminine - Neuter - English - Distance

Singular: éste - ésta - esto - this (one) - near to or directly concerned with the

Plural: éstos - éstas - these (ones) - speaker

Singular: ése - ésa - eso - that (one) - not particularly near to or directly

Plural: ésos - ésas - those (ones) - concerned with the speaker

Singular: aquél - aquélla - aquello - that (one) - far from and not directly concerned

Plural: aquéllos - aquéllas - those (ones) - with the speaker

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/FranoisYve
FranoisYve
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Thank you--this is extremely helpful!

3 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/SusanBG

The lessons used to have charts like this for adjective, pronouns, verb conjugations, etc. They were extremely helpful. Now I can't find them anywhere with the crowns. Anyone know if we're still able to access those?

2 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/jairapetyan
jairapetyan
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Lunaaki! Te olvidaste de cambiar "hermanos" por "hijos" (o cambiar la traducción en inglés)! <3

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Elephant.girl

the first one

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/jairapetyan
jairapetyan
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Actually not, Sophia. Estos are these, so it's the second one she lists. See Beta-Tron's grammar review above. :)

3 years ago