Is this imperative structure grammatically correct? I, too, wrote "It does not change subject" because I thought the correct imperative form would be "(Voce) nao mude de assunto" or (Tu) nao mudes de assunto" What is "muda" if not the conjugation for the third person present singular?
They have a rule.
First you have to separate você conjugations from tu conjugations. Then take each verb ending (ar, er, ir).
For "você" conjugations (what seems to me considered better):
- ar - e
- er - a
- ir - a
- Tomar, andar, lançar - tome, ande, lance
- Correr, comer, beber - corra, coma, beba
- Curtir, partir, abrir - curta, parta, abra
For "tu" conjugations (only affirmative):
- ar - a
- er - e
- ir - e
- Tomar, andar, lançar - toma, anda, lança
- Correr, comer, beber - corre, come, bebe
- Curtir, partir, abrir - curte, parte, abre
For "tu" negative conjugations:
- ar - es
- er - as
- ir - as
- Tomar, andar, lançar - não tomes, não andes, não lances
- Correr, comer, beber - não corras, não comas, não bebas
- Curtir, partir, abrir - não curtas, não partas, não abras
But of course there are irregular verbs too, I belive "ir" verbs contain the highest number of irregular verbs (as I had a hard time trying to come up with these three)
Does anyone know if the guidance below about formal (F) and informal (I) commands to one person in Brazilian Portuguese still applies?
(F) -->Use 3rd person sing of the present subj.--> Talk to him --> Fale com ele (I) --> Use 3rd person sing of the present indic. -->Fala com ele
Thank you if you have time to help me with this.
Thank you very much for that - I now realise my coursebook does not include the Imperative conjugation (although it does have 16 others!) and websites like Conjuga-me can assist here ( Imperativo - afirmativo e negativo). I have also just noticed the terms 'familiar' and 'polite' for the two forms of the Imperative which seem to correspond to the 'tu' and 'você / vocês'. Este português parece como francês, sim?
Your issue is that you are taking something that is correct in one language and assuming that it will be or should be correct in another language. In any case, your translation is wrong. The sentence is not saying that something or someone does not change the subject, it is telling you not to change the subject. We're in imperatives.
Your sentence "He does not change the subject" would be translated as "ele não muda o assunto" and use "isso" and "ela" for "it" and "she". Pronouns are obviously required; without them your sentence is ambiguous
I understand your reply, yet I KNOW that pronouns are not required in Portuguese (but i understand that they can help clarify), since the verb changes depending on the person. I did my research, an like Spanish (which is incredibly similar to Portuguese, btw), Portuguese is a pro-drop language, which is why I compared it as such. What I meant to ask was if this sentence could mean what I stated, or not. And is the 2nd person familiar imperative conjugation always the same as the 3rd person present? I am going to compare it to Spanish again, because it helps me learn easier:
"No muda" would mean "He/she/it/you doesn't change *this is why i got confused "Muda" would mean "he/she/it/you change OR (you)change! Don't change would be "No mudes."
I guess it is better to ask: how are the imperatives formed in portuguese?
Clarification: I do not assume anything should be correct because it is in Spanish. Because Spanish and Portuguese are both Romance languages from the Iberian peninsula, and (again) because they are strikingly similar (I, as a Spanish speaker, could understand a bit before I started learning) , I compare them to each other to help me learn. In fact, their similarity is what made me choose Portuguese as my first foreign language, to make it easier to learn; and believe me, it has been very easy, and bringing my knowledge from Spanish has really benefited me; it has nothing to do with assumptions, it's just knowledge and common sense.