"He has the yellow pants."
Translation:Han har de gula byxorna.
How do we know when to use the 'de'? Up to this point, I have only learned byxorna as the pants, and not when to use de.
I 'think' when its plural. If the sentence was definite, it be 'den/det'. For e.g. "Han har den gula byxan."
That's my take on it so far.
I think it's when it's plural and there's an adjective. Byxorna alone means "the pants", but de gula byxorna means "the yellow pants".
Right. It's necessary to have de before a plural noun that has an adjective before it, so you can't take it out here.
If you add de before a plural noun that doesn't have an adjective before it, you get the meaning those. Han har de byxorna på sig 'He wears those pants'.
Thanks for the explanation! :) Please, I have just another question, in this case, should it be pronounced "de" or "dom"?
De is always pronounced like dom in Standard Swedish and most dialects, but not in all dialects, notably not in Finland Swedish.
How do can I tell when to use "de", "det" or "den"? I just got lucky and picked the right one.
May I just clarify: is adding the 'de' required when the noun is plural definite? I thought de is omitted when the noun is indefinite, even if plural.
It most often required if the noun is plural definite and described by an adjective. If you say plural definite nouns alone, you will rarely need "de".
To be fair, maybe not in this context, but often the article is omitted, and it's more of a rule in names. "Gamla stan" for example, rather than "Den gamla stan".
That's true. I meant to say that in this construction the "de" is needed.
You use den, det or de in front of adjectives modifying a definite noun
Det is singular, whereas byxorna is plural and requires de (which is also plural).
edit: It's kind of like the difference between il / i and la / le in Italian, except both den and det have the same plural form (de).
No, we have what is called double (or triple) determinacy in Swedish. So we have the determinate article, the adjective needs to be in the correct form, and the noun is also determinate. So it must be Han har den gula fågeln.
Fågel is an en noun, so it would need to be Han har den gula fågeln.
(edited for accuracy)