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Differences between possessive pronouns?

I've been having a bit of trouble with possessive pronouns.

Whats the difference between sin, hans, and sitt? Also the difference between sina, henne, and sitt?

3 years ago

3 Comments


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Hans is the possessive version of "Han" (think like "Han's" without the apostrophe) and since Han means "He", Hans means "His"
Henne is not a possessive, it's just "Her," you're probably thinking of Hennes which is like "Her's"

Sin, sitt, and sina are reflexive pronouns that have to do with the subject. (Sin for en-words, sitt for ett-words, and sina for plurals)

Take the English sentence "He likes his shoes." In English this is ambiguous as to whether he likes his own shoes, or he likes another male person's shoes. In Swedish, you'd have to translate it accordingly. If he likes his own shoes, you have to say "Han tycker om sina skor," while "Han tycker om hans skor" specifically means that he likes some other male's shoes.
Sin, sitt, and sina are gender neutral and are used in the third person. "Hon älskar sin bok," "Mannen gillar sitt kaffe," etc.

Hope I helped!

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/nearnegative

I see, thank you!

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/LillaKrummelur

If the subject of the sentence is the owner of a thing you use "sin/sitt/sina". For example: He loves his dog- Han älskar sin hund. She leaves her house - Hon lämnar sitt hus. They meet their friends - De möter sina vänner.

The difference between sin/sitt/sina is the genus of the noun that follows. You user sin for an "en-word", sitt för en "ett-word" en sina för plural. en hund - sin hund ett hus - sitt hus flera vänner - sina vänner

You use hans oder hennes om the subject of the sentence is not the owner. You user "hans" if the owner is a man and "hennes" if the owner is a woman, "deras" is the owner is plural. Here it does not matter if the possessed thing is singular or plural. For example: I love his dog - Jag älskar hans hund. I love his dogs - Jag älskar hans hunder. He washes her car - Han tvättar hennes bil. He washes her cars - Han tvättar hennes bilar. She visits their daugther. - Hon besökar deras dotter. She visits their daughters - Hon besökar deras döttrar.

3 years ago