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  5. "Él muestra sus cartas."

"Él muestra sus cartas."

Translation:He shows his cards.

July 8, 2013

260 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mcdx3

Mostrar is related to the english word deMOnSTRAte, if that makes it easier to remember.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Faarynismyname

I thought cards was tarjetas


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/ErichMinya

Different kind of card


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/CoreyJNSpencer

Wanna elaborate on that please?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Alejandro375869

Tarjeta is a bank card or a Christmas card. Carta is a playing card (or a letter or menu).


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/TomOslo

Muchas gracias :)


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/vicki.kura

I guess it is both. It's in the lesson I'm on now.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Nice4636

I type cartas for cards and that's what they accept


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Carney11

i thought cartas were letters


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/blockeegle

It is, but also can be used as "playing cards," depending on the situation.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/anandsjoseph

But how do you know that this is a situation for that??


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/CalculatorAddict

True but this was never specified in the current or prior lessons


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/marynelson5

I though cartas was letters also. Does anyine else feel the same as me i sometimes feel as tho i am cheating when i answer the questions. I look for things i know are right in the boxes leaving a couple to guess. Does anyone else do this ?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/marina321585

Yes definately letters should have been accepted


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/COkittenfish42

That's somewhat how young children learn language, so why not us!


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Mikechibuzor

You are not alone on this one


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/ytPh1

Hermit

cartas means letters, cards or constitution


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/KileyWall

its also cards in spanish some words have 2 meanings


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/sguthrie1

Many/most words have more than one meaning!


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/KileyWall

i think that is scissors


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/kirakrakra

KileyWall scissors = (las) tijeras and TARJETA = card

CARTA can be 1. letter 4. card (playing) 3. charter!!! 5. a la carte = a la carta 6. map chart

http://www.collinsdictionary.com/dictionary/spanish-english/carta


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/almarioboter

Tarjeta also means calling card in our Filipino language


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/sguthrie1

Didn't the Spanish occupy the Philippines


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/KileyWall

oh sorry i get mixed up there so similar


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/joyceluna3

they are so similar??


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Lise886628

A lingot for you! Thanks heaps ☺


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/cjschopen

Thanks, that helps!


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Jang101

Cool! Never thought of that :D


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Sharlene296441

Thank you, very helpful!!


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Dushyant522668

Miramos is related to mirror and mostrar to miramos


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Conrad-O

Meeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeep! Me mad!


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/majuank

(Tweet, tweet)RED CARD!


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Daniel-in-BC

As is often the case, context is important. I think that when context is lacking, the assumption is that the possessive pronoun refers to the subject of the sentence.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/EugeneTiffany

I am astonished that you aren't concerned about what "sus" means in this sentence as a consequence of a lack of context. For example, I just submitted, "He shows their cards." And it was accepted. Now who do you suppose they are? Isn't knowing who they are just as important as knowing whether it was letters or cards that was flashed? And did they have any right exposing other people's hands like that? And don't you think these questions are as important as the one you brought up?

Oh, wait. Scratch all that. Forget it. I forgot that what the sentences mean is irrelevant and how the only thing that is important is whether we can read them or not, and in all their various possible interpretations. Every one.

He shows his cards. He shows her cards. He shows their cards. He shows its cards. He shows your cards. He shows his letters. He shows her letters. He shows your letters. He shows their letters. He shows its letters.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/ruthmoog

It also accepted "displays" rather than "shows" so there you have another set of potential meanings!


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/EugeneTiffany

Cool! Good thinkin

He displays his cards. He displays her cards. He displays their cards. He displays its cards. He displays your cards. He displays his letters. He displays her letters. He displays your letters. He displays their letters. He displays its letters.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Narella75

Ha I wonder the same thing! Will have to ask my Spanish speaking friends


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/DailyGrace

thanks for your help- I had to scroll nearly to the bottom to get this question answered!


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/OreoMcsnuffles

It's simply a matter of common sense. I mean, really? Pretty much everyone (except you) would accept 'sus' as meaning 'his', because it does mean his! Also, I see a bit of rudeness in that comment of yours... No lingots for you today!


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/DailyGrace

It's not that we don't think "his" is the most likely answer, it's that we are trying to learn a language and, therefore, want to know how Spanish words can be used.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/EugeneTiffany

What are you talking about and why are you so rude? What’d I do to you? Did I inadvertantly step on your tootsies or something?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Reyna183780

Dont worry your greater than that person at Spanish.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/EugeneTiffany

Thank you. Appreciate your support.

Because of those which are very vocal while having no clue to whatever I say it makes it look like no one gets what I say. while I do have a huge number of followers who apparantly do like what I say just as you must do.

Again, thank you. Love you, too!


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/deanwinchester77

You're absolutely hilarious!!! How come everything else in this sentence is plural except muestra?! Estoy confudido!! :/


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/EugeneTiffany

The explanation is fairly simple. "Muestra" is a verb and verbs don't have genders nor do they get pluralized like most everything else in a sentence can need to.

That was a good question about Spanish and not something wholly off base about English and therefore worth a got.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/deanwinchester77

Thanks Eugene for the explanation, and the lingot. :)


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Caleb574110

Could not say it better myself


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/baker910

How do you know if cartas means letters or cards without context?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/MystyrNile

The same way you know if "face" means "visage" or "side" without context.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/matttirrell

so... es imposible?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Conrad-O

NOT! @#$%! @#$%! @#$%! $#@%!


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/EugeneTiffany

Not unless you have a Magic Eight Ball!


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/EugeneTiffany

Right.

And the thing is, unknown contexts do not matter. Whatever a given context maybe possibly perchance might could be, this we need to learn. Whatever and which ever. I mean them all.

So we don't need to fret and feel wigged out for not knowing the given context of a presented sentence. All we need to do is consider them all and learn what they all are and just go with that. They are all equally important.

While Duoling only shows one right answer on a Comments page, on a challenge page several different valid translations can be often seen.

Sometimes I deliberate error out, I intentionally type nonsense. I do that to force Duolingo to show me two possible translations at once. When I see two different possible translations at the same time this can help me to understand the fundamental measning of the Spanish sentence better.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/BrandiWL

Visage es francés. Cara es español. Lado es mismo que side en inglés.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Johngt44

Both literally (cf someone mentioned a card game) and metaphorically, which was my take, "he shows his cards" is the most obvious interpretation by a mile. (The metaphor is similar to "put one's cards on the table", " show one's hand", all derived from card games). There is ambiguity in Spanish as there is in English of course but in real conversation you make judgments. I love the way people try to misunderstand a piece of software as perversely as possible and then complain if a heart is lost..... Here is an exercise on the present tense of new verbs but i know this ending is also the past, also what is the least likely thing "he" will show? OK, "He showed your letters" - check that Duolingo!!!


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/winmode

Way to ❤❤❤❤❤ out people for learning!


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/linda123456780

Please don't say that


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Reyna183780

Yeah please dont say that.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Conrad-O

You! You said b****! @#$%! Curses!


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/dsmith4908

In Mexico cartas mean letters or mail.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/EugeneTiffany

Thanks for that info. Such reportage is always welcome.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/libertyhe

letters? i think it should be post cards or something


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/joaquintoral

Why not use muestro if referring to El


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/haidarahhusain

What do you mean? It does.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/joaquintoral

I meant Muestro, sorry.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/tessbee

"Muestro" is not for "Él". It is for "Yo".

Yo muestro
Él/Ella muestra
Usted muestra


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/chasten123

I was so confused, but you just reminded me that muestra is a verb here...


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/heycaye

I was confused for a few minutes too! I was scrolling through the comments and they were wigging out about cards and letters, while I was wondering "Why muestra?!" then I stumbled on this reminder. Thank you


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/EugeneTiffany

Though pronouns can be left off, Duolingo includes them in answers. If it did not we would not then learn their usage. However, you are free to drop them in your answers.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/BrandiWL

Maybe you are confusing muestra (from the verb mostrar) with nuestra/nuestro (meaning our-possessive pronoun).


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Nyankittie

"He shows your letters." <my translation. "He shows his cards." < Lingo's alternate translation. These are really different from each other, is it meant to be so? Or is it based on a literal translation vs. a more natural translation?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/tessbee

Don't know why you were being down voted for just asking a question. But without context, either "cards" or "letters" is correct, so it's based on context vs. no context :D.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/EugeneTiffany

There are down-vote trolls trolling the Comments doing what they were born to do as they don't have anything else going for them.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/RuudHier

Why is "he shows your cards" correct here? Isn't that tus cartas?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/k3nd0

"Sus" can refer to his, hers, its, theirs or yours. The yours would refer to "Ustedes". Although it would be strange for him to show anyone else's cards, it could be a metaphor.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/EugeneTiffany

"Él muestra tus cartas" is he shows your cards.


[deactivated user]

    At first I confused 'muestra' with 'maestra'... One to keep an eye out for:) Still on my first coffee...


    [deactivated user]

      I did the same, and have done it with other quasi-homophones (words that sound similar but not the same). I find it helps to put them together into silly sentences:

      Miro mientras la maestra muestra la muestra al maestro.

      [I look while the teacher shows the sample to the teacher.]

      Mi conejo tiene cangrejos. [My rabbit has crabs.]

      Valoro un viaje para un vaso de vino veijo. [I value a trip for a glass of old wine.]


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/irene121212

      Yeah....
      I was confused by that too. Muestra =sample / Maestra=Teacher


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/MaaryZak

      "el muestra sus cartas " why we don't say ( el muestra a sus cartas )
      I mean in genral we put the "a" before su , mi ... etc ? why we didn't use it here ?


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/tessbee

      Maary - It's not in general. It only happens when after su, mi, etc. is a person or an animal familiar to the speaker. (Él ama a su madre // Él ama a sus hermanas // Él ama a su perro = He loves his mother // He loves his sisters // He loves his dog)

      BTW, that's called a "personal 'a'".


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/stalbot1286

      Why isn't it "he shows its cards" as well? I know it doesn't make sense in reality, but grammatically isn't that correct?


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/tessbee

      Stalbot - You're absolutely right.


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/gobobbygo

      The s at the end of sus is there not because "he" is plural (clearly it's not), but because "cards" is plural.


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/--shaun--

      Yes, 'sus' can mean 'his', 'her', 'its', 'your' or 'their' although in this context 'his' is the only one that makes sense.


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/vicki.kura

      I disagree. Cartas is also letters, which is what I used. He could show: his letters, her letters, your letters, or their letters.


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/winmode

      Yes, I totally agree. Who's letters is he showing?


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/EugeneTiffany

      He was showing my letters and my neighbors.


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/jvlive

      Ya but the answer is "her cards"


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/EugeneTiffany

      "He shows their cards" makes perfect sense to me, so does "He shows her cards." Even "He shows their cards" makes sense and works. But here is the fundamental reality. Whether or whether not a shown sentence makes sense or not does not matter. The only thing that matters is whether you can read it in all the different ways it can be, everyone one, and not just in the one way you might prefer it to be.


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/EugeneTiffany

      There is no context.


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/OhRawr

      I used "He shows his letters", because generally, with no other context, you'd have to relate it to the only thing that appears to be relative, and that was himself. The other allowances are there because there is a certain point where you are welcome to exercise your imagination. All are correct. Is this becoming so philosophized on purpose, or has it become a big joke? I don't understand why it's so confusing.


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/EugeneTiffany

      We need to learn all the possible contexts and usages of "su" and "sus." None are the "right one" in most cases. Suggest using "their" the next time the sentence is seen, then, "its" next, and so forth.


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/tessbee

      OhRawr - I think you misunderstood EugeneTiffany's post. He wasn't 'complaining' that there isn't any context (He never does that! lol). I believe he was responding to a post above from --shaun-- who said, "…although in this context..."


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/David174705

      Why is the feminine form of the verb used with the masculine pronoun?


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/tessbee

      Verbs don't have gender. "Muestra" is used for third person (masculine or feminine subject), and formal you: Él/Ella/Usted muestra


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Aditina

      That's not the feminine form. The verb 'mostrar' is irregular so the masculine form is 'muestras'. Yo muestro, tú muestras, él muestra...


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/ImpInTraining

      I don't know why, but this sentence shows up on every strengthening exercise I do. I get it. He shows his cards. So I should play poker against him for easy money.


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Simplysubliminal

      It's interesting that in this context cartas would most likely be cards but I'm more familiar with the word being used as a letter, as in "Él escribe su cartas".


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Cecilia692866

      I put "He shows her letters" and got it right?? So sus goes both ways, but then how would one know who the person is talking about..himself or a a her?


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/tessbee

      In real conversation, we always have context.


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Rose250686

      DuoLingo needs to realize when you accidentally mispell a word..


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/LDSCrystal

      I skimmed all the comments and did see one that answered my question.. My question is I didn't k of what muestra meant and looked it up and it said it was sign. So I thought the answer was he signs their letters. Is this used for sign too or is that another word.


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/tessbee

      Hi Crystal - I believe the meaning "sign" that you saw for mostrar is more in the sense of "signal" or "indicate" and that it is with these meanings that "show" overlaps. Then there is this Spanish verb called "señalar" which also means "to show" but in the sense of "to indicate". I think that from all these overlapping meanings you can see how the meaning "sign" appeared also under "mostrar". But I think what is more important to note is that "sign", as how you used it in your answer (He signs their letters), is not the same "sign" as the one that you can use in the original sentence in this exercise. The "sign" that you're looking for (in the context of "He signs their letters") is firma.


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/kirakrakra

      Crystal! What you got from your dictionary was the NOUN: la muestra = sign. The VERB mostrar = to show comes probably after the noun.


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/TimothyGooding

      Doesn't 'sus' translate to 'their'?


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/tessbee

      Yes, it does, and when whatever it is that is theirs is in plural. And it is also "his", "her", and "your" (Usted form) when whatever it is that these people own is in plural. So it is: su carta = "his/her/your [Ud.]/their letter/card, or sus cartas = "his/her/your [Ud.]/their letters/cards.


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Sanmiguel82

      Why "muestra" here and not "muestras" ?


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Daniel-in-BC

      third person singular (he/she/it/Ud.) ... I find this site helpful (enter "mostrar"):

      http://www.conjugation.org/


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Fervid

      Why isn't there the personal a before "sus"? Earlier, there was a sentence that was similar to "Yo peso a mi hijo." Why do you use the a there and not here?


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Isaiah-

      Because his cards are not a person, they don't need a personal "a". Remember, it only goes with people, and animals, if they are pets. Also, in another sentence, "Ella llama al hotel," needs it, because even though a hotel is not a person, she's really calling a person at the hotel.


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/EugeneTiffany

      "... al hotel" does not involve a personal "a." That "al" means, "to the."


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/tessbee

      You know what, I just have to thank you for that reply, so, thanks, Eugene! I used to think the same way as Isiah- because some more-advanced students explained it that way in another thread, and that explanation did make sense to me. But because of your reply here, I'd wondered, and felt compelled to research a little on the issue. And then I found this:

      "Kiwi-Girl:
      "Llamar can mean 'to call' someone or something a name etc or 'to call' someone or something as in to contact them. To avoid ambiguity you use the 'a'.

      "PERSON A: Llamo un taxi. I'm calling a taxi.
      "PERSON B: Ok then, what are you going to call it?
      "PERSON A: No, llamo a un taxi.
      "PERSON B: Oh, you're calling a taxi, to pick you up or something, right? I get it.

      "'(That answer is thanks to Lazarus, for those who remember him when he used to help out on this site, gracias maestro!)'"

      On the following, let's just try to ignore the grammatical errors but just focus on what Ray76 is conveying.

      "ray76:

      "Llamar a mi un taxi.--> call a taxi for me.
      "Llamar mi un taxi , Ok tu eres un taxi . --> call me a taxi , Ok you are a taxi."

      http://www.spanishdict.com/answers/249858/use-of-llamar-a-when-llamar-will-do

      To others on here, my apologies for discussing an off-topic. Just wanted to share what I found.


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/EugeneTiffany

      You are not off topic.

      You are talking about Spanish while contributing good stuff which can help us learn this new language, therefore you are very much on-topic.

      If you were just laying down bibble babble about alternate ways to say something in English, like all that useless stuff which fills many Comments pages, then you would be entirely off topic. Like, way, way, off, man. So you're cool.


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/EugeneTiffany

      As far as the comments made by "more-advanced students" is concerned, I remember way back in the my early days here how I saw a comment that was made by the most advanced and most respected student here at the time and I posted what was wrong about it. She did not thank me, however. We were never on good terms after that.

      Even the postings of advanced students can sometimes be off base. The best and most informative postings which have helped me the most have been by native speakers. Though there can be a problem with what they do say. What they can tell us may only apply to just their neck of the woods. Though that is not often a problem if what they say only has to do with basic Spanish.


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/fluharty13

      I don't understand why "He shows his letters" is incorrect.


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/shemp

      It's accepting it now...


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Jonathan_Morley

      'he shows his menus' why is this not right!?


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/victoriarose07

      I would think that menú would be used more for menus than cartas would? Like, I suppose it would be "technically correct," but not what a person would really say? That's my interpretation anyway.


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/LilyMor26

      I was imagining a waiter in a restaurant or somewhere holding up his menus and so I translated cartas as menus. Don't really understand why it's not right


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/vicki.kura

      Because carta and menu (with tilde) are two very different things. I don't understand why you think it is right. :)


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/tessbee

      I think I understand why some of us think of "menu". Apparently, although we hadn't seen it in Duolingo, another meaning of carta is indeed, (English) "menu". Yup, I was surprised, too. :)


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/vicki.kura

      Thank you for the info. Just looked it up. My apologies to LilyMor2. I'm giving you both a lingo for the correction. Duolingo really needs to get these right so we can all learn the multiple meanings.


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/vicki.kura

      And thank you for the work you are doing on Quizlet. :)


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/EugeneTiffany

      Tessbee's awesome Quizlet sets which can upgrade anyone's Spanish learning, immensely (and which I helped with), is here: https://quizlet.com/pulangchinelas/folders


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/tessbee

      Oh! Lol. Thanks for the lingot!

      And no problem; doing the Quizlet thing has been fun :). Hope it's been useful to you, too. :)


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Christy686121

      why isn't it muestro to match El?


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/haidarahhusain

      Muestro? I think you forget that it is a VERB. Verb conjugate according to the subject. (Él/ella -> muestra)


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/veronika_e

      Why is it "sus" and not "su?"


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/haidarahhusain

      Because cartas, it is plural. Use su for singular.


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/veronika_e

      thank you it makes sense now!


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/EugeneTiffany

      Astonishingly to me, I just was shown an alternate correct answer to be, “He shows his hand.” Where this obviously is another way of saying, "He shows his cards" in relation to playing Poker.


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/kirbykazoo

      Why is "He is showing his cards." not accepted?


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/BellaPotch

      Why is 'he's showing their letters' wrong?.. It's the same as he shows.. I don't get it


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/marc2057

      Muestra is also like "montra" in french which has the same meaning


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/pawan1899

      why is muestro incorrect?


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Adreana5

      Why isn't muestra in 'Él muestra sus cartas' plural?


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/royalt213

      So, "muestra" is both "show" and "sample"?


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/garjay

      Why isn't 'samples his letters' accepted!


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Charley25467

      "he shows her letters" is correct.... Why


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mikepedrosa

      el is masculine then why is muestra feminine


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/tessbee

      Mike - muestra is not feminine. It's a verb, and verbs don't have gender. But they are changed (conjugated) according to whoever is doing the showing and how many they are that's doing it, and when they're doing it. This is how mostrar is being changed (for Present):

      Él muestra
      Ella muestra
      Usted muestra
      muestras
      Yo muestro
      Nosotros/Nosotras mostramos
      Ellos/Ellas muestran


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Taun5

      Muestra isnt teach?


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/tessbee

      I believe that's enseñar or dar clase(s).


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mwh31

      Muestra according to online translation means sample, proof or a sign


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Andreaja69

      That would be if it were a noun, but here it is part of the verb 'mostrar',' to show'.


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/zraines24

      How do you decide if sus refers to himself or others in a sentence? Context?


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/JohnEMille

      Can you share lingots? What do people mean?


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Forrest_Red_Dog

      Yeah, next to reply there is a "give lingot" option.


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Forrest_Red_Dog

      I'm using a computer, perhaps you're using mobile or something.


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Forrest_Red_Dog

      I typed "He shows your letters." and it was correct; However, another translation was: "He shows his cards." How can these two entirely different sentences be correct? It's a bit awkward. Guess I'll get used to it though.


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/anandsjoseph

      I don't like the fact that Spanish has words that are used more than once?! It is very confusing... but what can we do about that? Nothing... My question is, sus can mean his/her depending on which gender was used in the sentance before sus. And cartas means letters and cards, and from the start i have been writing cartas as letters not cards. Is there are way to tell what a word means, if is has more than one meaning.


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/kirakrakra

      All languages have these words. How do you know the plurality of you. Su/ sus can mean his, her, their, your (formal), su if these own a single thing, sus if many possessions.

      From the context one can sometimes conclude the meaning of words like mean which can mean vicked or middle or resources or signify or average or instrument or intend or ...


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AhmedRehma1

      why not muestro ?


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/haidarahhusain

      Muestro --> yo muestro.

      Muestra --> él/ella/usted muestra.

      The conjugation depends on the subject.


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/_ava_a24

      OKAY WHY IS IT MUESTRA AND 'YOU SHOW YOUR BELT' IS MUESTRAS!!!!!


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AleyedWordz

      "Muestras" was just taught as "samples", so how the heck is it "shows" too?! I'm confused.


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/kirakrakra

      The NOUN la muestra, las muestras is sign, sample. The VERB mostrar means to show. Here muestra is used as a verb, the III:rd person singular presens of mostrar


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Denise203427

      i thought cartas was letters?


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/haidarahhusain

      Yes. Cartas is letters or cards.

      If your answer letters, it should be right.


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Denise203427

      thanks, that's what I thought


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/ztroedson

      Why is it "muestra" and not "muestro"?


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/haidarahhusain

      The conjugation of mostrar (for él is muestra, muestro is for yo)


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/bdrake1089

      Just for anyone who can clarify, the "He" in the sentence is different from "his", correct? Since sus is his/her/yours, these are two different males in the sentence?


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/kirakrakra

      His/su;sus refer to the subject he/ él both in Spanish and English. If the owner is a different male one gives the name.

      • Él muestra su carta. Él = Juan , la carta de Juan

      • Juan muestra su carta. La carta de Juan

      • Él muestra la carta de José. Él no es José


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/bdrake1089

      So with the way this sentence is, in everyday Spanish conversations it would be assumed that you're talking about the same person since no new context was given?


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/LisaPark517

      Anyone know if "He shows his cards" has the same idiomatic use in Spanish as it does in English? (To reveal one's hidden motive, feelings, personality, etc.)


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/dinospot6

      he shows his cards WOW!! you got a bulbasaur!!


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Colleen161

      Why wouldn't it be muestro? Shouldn't it be masculine?


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/kirakrakra

      It is not the noun "la muestra"/sample (always feminine) but the verb mostrar/ to show, conjugated into third person singular in the tense presens: muestra. Él with accent is he and is there to show that this third person is a he and not a she or an it.


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Gavin846947

      Is he playing poker?


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/TheHarpSealLingo

      Is he doing a magic trick? =) =0


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Blake39599

      I thought sus was feminine, wouldnt tus work?


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Andreaja69

      'Sus' is not specifically masculine or feminine. It can mean his/her/your (with usted)/their. 'Tus' would be 'your' when speaking informally.


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Krystal669222

      I thought cartas were letters


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/crmsnmyst

      Thought muestra was sample?


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/dinkyslinky

      "He shows his maps" should be accepted.


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AnnikYoung

      why was it muestrA instead of musterO??? Doesn't the A make it feminine?


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/kirakrakra

      Mustero does not exist . MOSTRAR = to show. A verb is not conjugated according to some gender but according to the tense and grammatical person. For muestrA the ending -a tells that the person acting is él, ella or Usted. For muestrO it is yo who shows. If you hover over muestra Duo shows you how mostrar is conjugated.


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/EleanorGra9

      Why not muestra? El is masculine.


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/kirakrakra

      EL is the masculine article THE. The noun muestra is feminine LA MUESTRA/ the sign. Duo does not use the article el but ÉL = he and conjugates the verb mostrar accordingly see earlier comments


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/TomOslo

      Who is su in this sentence? Should it not be su propios?


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Fandomgirl2424

      So "cartas" is plural, but "muestra" wouldn't be? What?


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/rubescube

      Isn't muestra "teacher"


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/kirakrakra

      you are probably thinking of "el maestro/ la MAESTRA" teacher (master)


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/LeoMurphy5

      Why would "he shows his letters" not be accepted?


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/SallyBuxma

      So the end of the verb matches the object not the gender of the pronoun (subject)? I picked "muestro" since it was Él".


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Neisha218215

      But isn't "Él" masculine so how's "muestra" which is feminine be correct, what am I missing here?


      [deactivated user]

        "muestra" (in this sentence) is a verb, not a noun, so is neither m nor f. It's the third person singlular (for "He/she/it") of "mostrar" (to show).

        Note, there is a homonym "la muestra" which means "the sample"....but that's not what this sentence is about.


        https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Poseidon427

        I thought this was going in a WAY different direction...


        https://www.duolingo.com/profile/_LilM_

        that moment when your playing uno while your team mates were playing poker...


        https://www.duolingo.com/profile/NigelKenti

        Should of been accepted !!


        https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Jane920541

        Without context, how am i supposed to know 'cartas' is cards and not letters?


        https://www.duolingo.com/profile/MrMicGoals

        tarjetas vs cartas = cards . I dislike the way they are using cartas


        https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Barbara324997

        It could also be letters and should be marked correct


        https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Gustafsson3

        How is cartas cards when it means letters?


        https://www.duolingo.com/profile/kryskreative

        Nah I thought cartas means letters


        https://www.duolingo.com/profile/kirakrakra

        carta, la = 1. letter (of the alphabet or a written message) 2. card or playing card


        https://www.duolingo.com/profile/gDbAcUnZ

        How can presents be marked wrong when it's the only prompt?


        https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Naomi629347

        AAAAAAAARGH!!!!!!!!!! why isn't muestra plural?!


        https://www.duolingo.com/profile/tessbee

        Because it's a Verb, and verbs don't get pluralized.


        https://www.duolingo.com/profile/TomOslo

        How do I know "su" in this case is not their letters, her letters, and not su propio?


        https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Andreaja69

        You don't know. Only context can tell you.


        https://www.duolingo.com/profile/ayyroboito

        He's not very good at poker


        https://www.duolingo.com/profile/RoseCraig

        I thought cartas were letters too!


        https://www.duolingo.com/profile/kittiespain

        It told me ' he shows his hand' was the correct answer!!!!! Ive learnt carta as card or letter?


        https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Grizzlybear13

        Maybe it meant "A hand of cards." As of when you are playing cards.


        https://www.duolingo.com/profile/tessbee

        I believe you're right, and I think that's the context Duolingo intended this sentence to be in, though, of course, who would know? :)


        [deactivated user]

          Endings are a killer in translations


          https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AndreaBrid4

          I thought muestras is sample


          https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Andreaja69

          'Muestras' are 'samples' when the word is a noun, but this is part of the verb 'mostrar', to show.


          https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AnjeTheNerd

          Why is it cards now? In the past, it hasn't accepted "the cards" for "las cartas".


          https://www.duolingo.com/profile/MystyrNile

          Well, i know that playing cards are called "cartas", so maybe he's showing his cards in a game.


          https://www.duolingo.com/profile/jeff.suter

          A card game is the context that came to my mind also.


          https://www.duolingo.com/profile/EugeneTiffany

          Actually, the context of any of the shown sentences does not matter whatsoever and these serious discussions about that issue baffles me. Myself, I like to make up some absurd context both to amuse myself and to help me learn and remember.


          https://www.duolingo.com/profile/DevinJones4

          "He shows their cards" and "He shows his cards" are two very different sentences but they are both accepted here..


          https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Evander32102

          My daylight has ran out I shall now die people of the world


          https://www.duolingo.com/profile/TreyJamesK

          now I know what su and sus' difference is


          https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Sonja435798

          DL told me the correct translation is 'he displays their letters'. Now I'm confused.


          https://www.duolingo.com/profile/SarumanFan

          Is there a different way to say "shows off"? I had written the sentence as "He shows off your cards". Would that be a correct interpretation, although DuoLingo marked it as wrong?


          https://www.duolingo.com/profile/OhRawr

          I believe it is because "shows off" is more of an American idiom. You'd have to use the literal translation for it, and it very likely wouldn't come off the same way at all.


          https://www.duolingo.com/profile/jemesonc

          Why is it muestra instead of muestras


          https://www.duolingo.com/profile/TheAwesomeClair

          he will never be a good card player.......


          https://www.duolingo.com/profile/cavarabdic

          In half of the exercises it is OK to say "he is showing" in other half it is not!? I am confused.


          https://www.duolingo.com/profile/spanish.waffles

          NEVER show your cards. Your opponent will know how to beat you! (I am aware it is a different kind of card)


          https://www.duolingo.com/profile/CandaceTsay

          he shows his cards


          https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Jean218050

          Thanks Eugene. That explanation helped me


          https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Chris422693

          I choose the right word and it marked it in correct.


          https://www.duolingo.com/profile/raulvictorrus

          Why is El muestras sus cartas wrong? I thought if letter #2 ends with s #s 3 and 4 should


          https://www.duolingo.com/profile/kirakrakra

          Your theory about ss:s is unheard of and interesting. Unfortunately it is not correct. The ordinary theory about conjugation is here:

          Present Tense in Spanish http://www.spanish.cl/grammar-rules/present-tense.htm

          How mostrar is conjugated can be seen in this link from

          Spanish Verbs that have Stem Changes

          I.- Stem changes from O to UE


          https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Kiramcneil

          I thought cartas meant letters


          https://www.duolingo.com/profile/SamanthaJa11190

          Me: Anyone wanna here a joke? Audience: yes! Me: i once had a job crushing soda cans. It was soda pressing


          https://www.duolingo.com/profile/NadirBensaker

          card and letter and what else ???


          https://www.duolingo.com/profile/tessbee

          Ha! Try "menu", though I don't think Duo accepts it :).


          https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Maoroh

          He's showing his letters =/= he shows his letters (????)


          https://www.duolingo.com/profile/R2D291

          Which ones Magic or Yugioh?

          Learn Spanish in just 5 minutes a day. For free.