Hon (She = subject) kommer (comes = verb, present tense, as in near future) - the beginning is the easy part. The rest is an idiomatic phrasing --- NÄR (When = 'time') + SOM (conjuction = as/when..) + HELST (meaning here: 'whenever') - this part kan be written as one word, NÄRSOMHELST (Whenever). All the three words seem to have the same meaning, but creats this unique meaning when working together. And has corresponding concepts in: VARSOMHELST (Wherever), HURSOMHELST (Anyway). --- But "när som helst", which COULD mean 'anytime' of the day, almost always - in this context - implies that the person is almost here, arriving, coming, "any minute now" she will open the door..
Sorry, but since it is my native language I don't have 'comprehensive rules'. I just feel when it is 'right'. And Swedish word order is kind of a hugh subject. In one way almost any order is possible, but there are rules you just can't break, etc. One rule, though, is: Keep the conjugated verb in the second place. e.g. Hon kommer nu (subject+verb+adverb). But it is just as fine to say Nu kommer hon (Adverb+verb+subject) - as long as the verb is kept 2nd.
Logically yes, but then I would change the verb, since 'kommer' is present as in near future, we have this feeling that she is coming any minute. If I am uncertain about when this sneeky person will appear I would say: "Hon kan komma (dyka upp) när som helst, utan förvarning". Kan komma = with the modal verb can/could. 'Dyka upp' = appear. 'Utan förvarning' = without warning (notice).
I don't think you have to remember it - it is just something that 'happens' when pronounced fast, being the easiest way to go fast from R to S. And it will never be wrong to give the slower variant, separating r and s. Some dialects, like the Finno-Swedish DO separate them, i.e. don't get this 'sh'-sound.
Not really, Ä and Ö is really pronounced in the back. We have also 'hard vowels' = A, O, U, Å. Of these U is articulated in the front, really by the lips. I'm not sure how to categorize it. Maybe it is because the hard vowels are 'round' (round lips) and have an open oral cavity , while the soft ones are more compressed by the tongue ... sort of :-) ... Sorry I can't explain. But if you note hard vs. soft vowel-groups you might notice a system
När som helst or similar phrases with som helst had to me a connotation that the subject somehow has chosen to behave a certain way. Like in English, she comes whenever she wants (she is choosing the time she comes). But in this sentence it seems to mean something objective not dependent on the subject, like in she comes anytime soon (which means that we do not know when she is coming but probably soon). Can this sentence be interpreted in both ways or one is preferable?
"My mother in law does not respect our family's privacy: she comes at any time." "You can't control when the cat eats because she comes at any time." "She comes at any time and goes at any time. " "She comes to dinner with you twice a week; in the evening she comes at any time." (You can also ask Google for more examples of that literal quote from books and articles.)
All grammatically correct. And I would still maintain no-one would say any of those. They all unnatural.
The first you would be more likely to say "she comes in without knocking" or "she might walk in at any time". The second you would be more likely to say "she comes and goes as she pleases" The third you would be more likely to say something like "but she might arrive at any time" or "she comes at different times"
This translation the question gives us is unnatural.
I think you should scrap this phrase and start again. Both parts of the sentence can be translated in many, many ways in English with slightly different meanings.
"Hon kommer" could be she is arriving, she arrives, she comes, she is coming, she will arrive, she could arrive, she could be here, etc. To come (arrive) is most often used as an intransitive verb (she is coming to or from somewhere). Used as a transitve verb (without a preposition - she comes) it easily takes on a sexual connotation.
När som helst could be translated as whenever, at any time, at any moment, any moment now, any minute etc.
Combine this into a sentence, "Hon kommer när som helst" and there are probably dozens of common English translations. So if what's being tested here is "när som helst" I suggest using a sentence less prone to variation. Maybe "Hon äter när som helst hon vill" or something like that?
I keep getting marked down for this question because I can't bring myself to answer, "She comes at any time", which is very wrong. It is not idiomatic English. The only possible situation I can imagine using this exact sentence is if I was describing a woman with a strange neurological disorder that caused her to spontaneously orgasm at unpredictable intervals.
I understand you, 'She comes at any time', sounds very odd. Unfortunately your sentence is not possible either. It would have to be 'Hon äter när (helst) hon vill' - without 'som', and preferably not 'helst' either, because it sounds to much of a dated written language. -- I prefer translating it as: "She comes/will come any moment now"
Agreed that my Swedish sentence was not quite right. I've seen a few other questions on Duolingo using när som helst that translated fairly easily into English. This one just doesn't.
I think "She will arrive any moment now" would be perfect. The other answers should be 'pass marks' but should not be listed as the default answer. I know that undermines the simple equation of kommer=come but in this case I think arrive is a more direct translation for that meaning and minimises ambiguity.