https://www.duolingo.com/swl1020

Question about a sentence from Clitics

Here is a sentence from the Clitics sections: "A mis padres les gusta la cerveza.".

How is that different from saying: "Mis padres gustan cervesa". ?

Does one mean something different?

6 years ago

7 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/maryjack
maryjack
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Gustar is a special verb. 'I like beer' is 'me gusta la cerveza'. If you like a plural noun e.g. 'gatos' (cats) you say 'me gustan los gatos'. It is like saying 'beer pleases me / cats please me' . The example about 'my parents like beer' is harder than the examples I've given but I'm afraid you cannot say "Mis padres gustan cervesa". I don't know how Duolingo expect you to figure this out.

6 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/swl1020

@maryjack, could you say "Mis padres quieren cerveza"?

6 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/fuonk
fuonk
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You can say that, but it means "My parents want beer", not "My parents like beer." "Gustarse" is an extremely common verb, and you will need to come to terms with the fact that its grammar is different from the grammar of its usual translation, "like". Les gusta la cerveza: beer is liked by them, hence they like beer A mis padres les gusta la cerveza: "A mis padres" is just spelling out the meaning of the indirect object "les", explaining that "by them" means "by my parents".

6 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/fuonk
fuonk
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Actually, maryjack's translations using "please" are probably better, since they don't introduce the extra confusion of the passive voice which I used in my translations. les gusta la cerveza = beer pleases them (note that "la cerveza", although it comes after the verb in this sentence, is the subject of the verb, and "les" = "them" is the direct object, not the indirect object, as I said above. "Them" only becomes an indirect object in the translation with a passive voice verb which I gave.)

6 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/maryjack
maryjack
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Thanks, fuonk. In fact, perhaps 'me gusta la cerveza' is literally 'beer is pleasing to me.' The main thing is that the verb querer ( yo quiero una cerveza) means to want (I want a beer) and does not mean I like. However with a person, querer means to love the person.

6 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Dusse
Dusse
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"Mis padres gustan cerveza" actually mean that they taste beer, so if they like to go to beer-tasting meet-ups that would be a possible phrase.

6 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/estoyaqui

There was a song I used to listen to as a kid: "A mi me gustan las pupusas...." :-) It's easy, just remember (for whatever reason) that you have to put "a" in front of the person or thing. That's all.

6 years ago
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