The use of "eat" seemed strange to me also, In English, I think we would say, She is not using salt or she is not salting her food. The only time I can think of when we use "the" in front of salt would be, "She has the salt" (or whoever has the salt). or "Please pass the salt."
Oh okay, it wouldn't surprise me, because in dutch we use two different articles for salt. You might ask someone for 'de zout' when having dinner at the table and you want the small cup of salt to put on your egg, but when it is still in a bigger pot or in the sea you would talk about 'het zout'
Interesting, I think it's much more limited in Swedish then. I was thinking about water. I might order en vatten at a restaurant, but I'd still probably expect the waiter to tell me Här är ditt vatten ('Here is your water'), rather than Här är din vatten, which would sound odd to me.
Is there a real life situation where you could say, in English, that you are not eating the salt, as in a salt? As in "last night it rained a rain" or "there was on the ground a snow". As in "could you please pass me a salt" or "and I'd like to have a salt with that"? I'm sorry to say this, but this exercise feels forced and stupid, and I'd wish these would have a natural and a real life usage.
Because Swedish, unlike English (and like a great many other languages), does not distinguish between the simple present (she eats) and the present imperfect (she is eating). The best translation will depend on context - in this case, "She does not eat the salt" sounds weirder than "She is not eating the salt". If it were salt instead of salten, though, both "she does not eat salt" and "she is not eating salt" make perfect sense.
The t suffix belongs to "ett" and the n suffix belongs to "en" words? Will it always be this simple or are there slight variations depending on what letters a word ends with or maybe the word itself is unique in its spelling depending on what you add? (So, will "ett" words always add a t at the end to add "the"?
Is there a way to tell if a word is en or ett or do you just have to know it by heart?