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https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Sarah.K.Ha

Help answering questions in Swedish

Hej!

I've made it to the first round of "questions" in Swedish and I am a little stuck. I am able to translate all the examples now (for the most part) since I have done them so many times, but I am hesitating to move on because I know I don't fully understand the rules for asking questions in Swedish. I'd like to know the grammar before I carry on to the next section. Can anyone recommend a good resource that could help explain the rules to me?

December 5, 2014

6 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Arnauti

Did you read the text on the skill overview page? (here: https://www.duolingo.com/skill/sv/Questions)? I think that explains most of the important points. Don't hesitate to ask more questions though, we're here to help you!


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Usagiboy7

Thanks for that link!


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Sarah.K.Ha

I did read the text on the page and it helped a lot but I'm still having some trouble being careful to apply the rules correctly. And I'm not sure if I fully understand it all yet. I made a little list yesterday to help me based on some of what I learned from the site and what I watched on some youtube videos. Can someone tell me if this makes sense? I went over it yesterday and realized I was still putting the subject before the verb, I think it's mostly fixed now. Basically, this is how I understand asking questions and I want to make sure I'm not messing anything up:

Question words

Vem - who Vad - what När - when Vär - where (location) Värt - where (direction) Varför - why Hur - how

Asking questions

Question word comes first, followed by the verb, followed by the subject

e.g: "What are you doing?”

becomes “Vad gör du?”

In English, literally “What do you?”

The word “no”

inga - plural, when you are referring to more than one thing.

ingen - common gender. “en” words. Also means literally “no one”.

inget - neuter. “ett” words. Also can mean literally “no thing”, is used to mean “nothing”, like ingenting.

ingenting = “nothing”

inte = “not”

Asking questions without “question” words (who, what, when, etc.)

Usually have “yes” or “no” answers.

Use the same grammar that you would use asking a question with a question word.

e.g: “varför läser du Eriks bok?” / “Why are you reading Erik’s book?"

becomes “ läser du Eriks bok?” / “Are you reading Erik’s book?”

The negative form of the question without the question word is

“Läser du inte Eriks bok?” / “Aren’t you reading Erik’s book?”

With a question word this sentence becomes “Varför läser du inte Eriks bok?” / “Why aren’t you reading Erik’s book?"


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Arnauti

That looks good, except you've got a typo on Var and Vart, they shouldn't have dots on them.

Most important points are as you say, question type with question word: the verb comes in second place in the sentence.

Question type without a question word: reverse word order. (Läser du Eriks bok?)

When answering negative questions or assumptions with yes, you can't answer ja, you must say jo. – Har du inte läst boken? – Jo det har jag. (Haven't you read the book? Yes I have. )


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Sarah.K.Ha

Thank you! I couldn't figure out the difference between ja/jo, now I get it. :)


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/LuanaDametto

Your post helped me a lot. Thanks.

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