I've never seen that, formally speaking. Then, it will depend on the context (for example, if you want to confirm what someone has said).
I have heard it constructed that way to emphasize "where," often to suggest surprise or confusion on the part of the speaker.
"I am from Opa-locka" "You're from where?!?!"
Technically you could, as a clarifying/follow up question.... "Hey, I'm from Cnriehdk" "You are from where?"
But as for the natural purpose... no. It will always be... Where are you from?
This can be translated as "Whence are you?" It's formal, but it's correct.
Most people would say, "Where are you from?" It is not grammatically correct in English because one is not supposed to end a sentence with a preposition. But it would be unnatural to hear someone say "From where are you?", the correct form. People just don't always talk grammatically correct. You might hear, "From where do you come?, though.