how do you tell the difference between es and eres?
I will get very close to the end and then i will get a fill in the blank with the choice eres or es. i get the question multiple times if i get the first wrong. Then i have to basically start at the beginning of the test. HELP!! PLZ!
Es and eres can both mean you are. Es is formal - Usted es. Eres is informal - Tú eres. Es can also mean he/she/it is. If Duolingo wants me to translate a sentence that is "you are", I always use the eres form, but if you said "usted es" it should still be accepted.
es means he/she is (replace the e with an i and it becomes "is" to remember it) eres means you are (drop the s and replace the first e with a and it becomes "are" to remember it)
Usted/él/ella es - you (formal)/he/she is
Tú eres - you (familiar) are
In Spanish, there are different words for "you". With your friends, family, and small children you use the "familiar" version, tú. With strangers, your boss, your teacher, or other people who you want to show respect to, you use the "formal" usted. If you are talking to a group of people you use ustedes, whether they are familiar or formal. There are other versions of "you" but this is enough for now.
The verb "to be" is conjugated as follows:
Yo soy - I am
Tú eres - You (familiar friend,family,child) are
Usted/él/ella es - You (formal boss,parent,respect) are/he is/she is
Nosotros somos - We are
Ustedes/ellos/ellas son - You all (formal or familiar)/they are
So back to your question of how to tell the difference between eres and es: if you are talking to one friend, or family member, or child, you say "eres". If you are talking to one person in a more respectful, formal setting you use "es". Or if you are talking about he/she/it you use "es".