In English, there is a gender-neutral word, ‘nibling’, but it's not widely used (and Duolingo doesn't know it).
How would you say "her nephews like her cheese"? Is it "Seus sobrinhos como ela queijo"?
Os sobrinhos dela gostam do seu queijo / os sobrinhos dela gostam do queijo dela / seus sobrinhos gostam do seu queijo / seus sobrinhos gostam do queijo dela.
That makes sense but translates "Their nephews like cheese" (the Portuguese version makes it clear that we are talking about the nephews of a group of women).
If the verb "to like" means "to love" or "to appreciate", then the corresponding verb in Portuguese will be "gostar de", "apreciar". If it is a comparison, than the corresponding will be the conjunction "como".
Her nephews like her chesse (they love it, they appreciate it) - Seus sobrinhos gostam do seu queijo.
His nephews are like him - Seus sobrinhos são como ele.
I didn't realize como was a conjunction. What are the original words that make como?
Maybe you're confusing conjunction with contraction, which are different grammar concepts. A conjunction is a word that connects two sentences, like and, but, because and so on.
Yes, you are correct. I am confusing the two. However, I don't think the word "like" in English is considered a conjunction. For example, in the sentence "Her nephews like cheese" like isn't connecting two independent clauses or an independent clause to a dependent one. If you remove the word "like", the entire sentence falls apart. See http://www.english-grammar-revolution.com/list-of-conjunctions.html for more details on conjunctions in English.
This begs the question, is "like" considered a conjunction in Portuguese?
Wesleyjefferson, forgive me if I came across as doubting you. That's not the case at all. My questions where asked only to the end of better understanding Portuguese. The contributions you and other native speakers make are invaluable, and make DL that much better! Thanks for sharing so much!
The word "como" is related to the English conjunctions "as" and "since" and possibly other words. [http://dictionary.reverso.net/portuguese-english/como].
According to BBC, it may be a conjunction. http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/learningenglish/grammar/learnit/learnitv63.shtml
In the sentence "Her nephews like cheese", like is not a conjunction. It's a verb. That's why the phrase falls apart.
If we elaborate a little more the sentence I gave as example, we can see like behaves as a conjunction:
His nephews are drunks like their uncle [is].
The second sentence is glued to the first by the conjunction, and it is subordinated (dependent) to the first.
About the question whether "like" in Portuguese is a conjunction (I will interprete that you wanted to know if "como" is a conjunction in Portuguese, since we have no "like" in our language), any good dictionary will tell you that. You don't have to believe me. But I can assure you I have no reason to lie or try to confuse you here. I am just trying to help.
Houaiss Dictionary http://22.214.171.124/
Davu: "como" may be translated as "like" too. It is even in one of the examples on the page you posted.
Super útil! Obrigado por tomar o tempo para responder às minhas perguntas.
Yes, I did miss that post, but I have since added it to my Evernote account, so it won't be missed again. Thanks.
Would I be wrong in assuming the semantic domain of "gostar de" also means "to enjoy" (in this case, it could be said the nephews "enjoy her cheese")?
In any case, the sentence isn't referring to "her cheese" but rather to the general concept of cheese, so you'd still be marked wrong.
why is it "Os sobrinhos dela gostam de queijo. " why not "Sobrinhos dela gostam de queijo. "
You should always use the definite article before the noun when you have "dele(s)" and "dela(s)".
Here's my reasoning. Even if both versions are valid they are not equivalent as the literal translations show:
- The nephews (of her) like cheese.
- Nephews (of her) like cheese.
The first version is talking about the taste of specific individuals. The alternative version states a general trait. I don't think "Her nephews like cheese" is meant to imply that her future nephews are bound to like cheese.