I'm a bit confused on det vs. det där. Why does det sometimes mean 'it' and sometimes mean 'that'? And would you be able to use this phrase to say "That is a shoe?" Thanks!
If you want to be really clear that you're saying That is a shoe, you should say Det där är en sko. But, we use det där less in Swedish than you use that in English, and if you stress Det in Det är en sko, that can also mean That is a shoe. So we accept that in sentences like this.
Is sko pronounced "sk" or "fw" as in sköldpadda? Is this an error with the TTS or an exception?
It's correct and no exception: the rule is that sk is pronounced as in sköldpadda before the 'soft' vowels e i y ä ö but as sk before the 'hard' a o u å.
Is the "kj" in kjol pronounced like an english "sh"? Is it only with hard vowels or something else?
If 'it' refers to an en- word, then shouldn't the sentence be, 'Den är en sko."?
”Det” here does not refer to the shoe. It’s just a so called ”formal subject” in the sentence which is used because the sentence needs a subject. You can compare it to ”it” in ”it’s raining”, the ”it” does not really refer to something, does it?
Interestingly I would suspect "it" is supposed to refer to "the sky" or something similar. However seeing as "it" is unlikely to refer to anything else, knowing exactly what "it" is referring to became moot. ...Nifty.
So, in English we have idioms like "a pair of pants" or "a pair of shoes". Does this occur and Swedish and other Germanic languages, and if not how would it be said?
This is den här/det här or denna/detta in Swedish. If we wanted to say 'This is a shoe', we would most likely say Det här är en sko.
I think it is a periphrastic way of saying it. Like "it here" for det/den här.
This is a little off topic but how would you read "Jag har _", or, "han tycker om _" is spoken svenska? I've been curious about this for a while.
Are you looking for pronunciation? http://forvo.com/languages/sv/
Here is a series of videos that explain pronunciation. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=epqzb44SWAU Intro https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wpuscCcxspY Alphabet https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hzYArZVTD4s Vowels
Since det isn't followed by här or där, how should I know if it's this or that ? Each time I use this, it's wrong.
det on its own is usually it but if you put a little stress on it, it can mean that, so we accept that translation too.
this is always det här or detta (or den här and denna of course)
and that can be either det där or det (or den där or den)
We never accept 'this' for det in this course.
Ok. English isn't my native language so it wasn't obvious to me. Tack för hjälpen !