If you want to be really clear that you're saying That is a shoe, you should say Det där är en sko. But, we use det där less in Swedish than you use that in English, and if you stress Det in Det är en sko, that can also mean That is a shoe. So we accept that in sentences like this.
Are you looking for pronunciation? http://forvo.com/languages/sv/
Here is a series of videos that explain pronunciation. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=epqzb44SWAU Intro https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wpuscCcxspY Alphabet https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hzYArZVTD4s Vowels
Since det isn't followed by här or där, how should I know if it's this or that ? Each time I use this, it's wrong.
det on its own is usually it but if you put a little stress on it, it can mean that, so we accept that translation too.
this is always det här or detta (or den här and denna of course)
and that can be either det där or det (or den där or den)
We never accept 'this' for det in this course.
Ok. English isn't my native language so it wasn't obvious to me. Tack för hjälpen !