Why isn't "spreken tegen de kapitein" correct?
I wondered this too - is it "spreken met" but "praten tegen"? One verb uses "with" and the other uses "against"?
As far as I know, "spreken" can be used both with "met" and with "tegen", but with different meanings. With "tegen" there's only one direction (speaking to someone), while "met" indicates that it's a conversation.
Kapitein = captain on a vessel/ship.
Kaptein = in the army
No, both are 'kapitein'. The captain on a ship can also be called 'scheepskapitein'.
Kaptein more like "spreektaal", at the martime academy we were told to pay attention to the "i" in the middle anyway. :-)
I used "praten met". Why does this not work?