I believe it might be correct, it will be "het gevang" though. The only thing is, nobody ever says it.
Okay thanks, I guessed it probably wouldn't be very official in the Netherlands, but didn't expect it to be like that in Belgium.
Yes, "het gevang" also means the prison/jail. It is also included in the main Dutch dictionary Van Dale so it's correct to use it. In the Netherlands though you would hear "gevangenis" more often than "gevang".
In English, In prison means that you are serving a sentence whereas In the prison could mean you are just visiting. I assume Dutch has a way of making this distinction, too?
Hij zit in de gevangenis = He sits/is in prison, Hij is in de gevangenis = He is in the prison. (possibly visiting, possibly works in the prison or could just mean he's in prison)
I don't trust the audios on Duolingo--is the second "g" in "gevangenis" pronounced like a hard English g or like the normal fricative Dutch sound?
In general you can trust the audio in the Dutch course, with a few exceptions.
- The g's here are pronounced correctly.
- The intonation of gevangenis is slightly off. Have a look here for a more natural pronunciation: http://www.heardutchhere.net/DutchPronunciation.html#G
Thank you for the link--that audio is much clearer to my ears. Am I correct in hearing the second G as being pronounced more or less together with the N, as in the English word "anger"--and not as the fricative that we hear in "goed" or "dag"?
Yes, the g in ng is pronounced completely different to e.g. goed. The pronunciation in anger is fairly similar.
It seems Dutch follows the American usage with the definite article ("in the prison, in (or at) the hospital") rather than the British indefinite usage ("in prison, in hospital").
Nono, I meant "can" as in slang for prison. You can sit in the can, as in doing time in prison.
Ah. OK. I'd forgotten about that sense of 'can'. I didn't check where this post was, sorry. At any rate, I think you have to match the register of the original quote. If the Dutch was using a slangy word for prison, then I reckon you could use 'can' but otherwise, they use a formal (foreign) word, you have to use a formal (English) word.