Yeah to be fair I learnt little bits of lots on Duolingo - Dutch helps with German and viceversa, Spanish (my native tongue) helps with Italian, Portugese and French, and Esperanto was helpful to get me used to grammar and structures found in different languages. The only downsides are that you never fully learn one language but you can kind of get the point across when aboard, and that you constantly end up mixing languages - going to Germany for the first time and speaking with a Dutch accent kept everyone guessing what was wrong with me
i thought "sugar" here had already mentioned before, and using "lo" is more acceptable than if we don't use it
think of a situation, a woman with jar of sugar. the jar has been there since beginning and the woman just EAT IT. i think this sentence refers to that kind of situation
There are three different endings for verbs: "are"(e.g. mangiare); "ere"(bere); "ire"(finire). You will soon see that conjugating Italian verbs (except for a few irregular ones) is a walk in the park compared to nearly every other language....the endings are pretty much identical, AND they tell you which person it is (e.g. "noi mangiamo=we eat"...."IAMO" always is 1st person plural, so Italian frequently drops the pronoun)
They are all just the Italian article "the", but in Italian (as in most languages except English),the article must agree with the noun. Here goes: masuline, singular = il. (This becomes "lo" if the masc. sing. noun begins with a "z" or "s-impure". For example "lo ZOO", "lo SBAGLIO" etc.) Feminine singular = la. Masculine plural = i (il cane: the dog; i cani: the dogs). Feminine plural = le (la gonna: the skirt; le gonne: the skirts). "Gli" is the plural of "lo". Whenever a noun begins with a vowel (uomo), the article is contracted, so it becomes "l'uomo". Therefore "l'uomo" will be "gli uomini" (the man --->the men). Hope this helps.
I did the same, based on a comment on a previous exercise, however, I believe that, strictly "La donna mangia lo zucchero" translates as "The woman eats sugar" and "La donna mangia zucchero" translates as "The woman eats the sugar". In other words English and Italian make opposite use of the definite article.
That is incorrect.
Italian and English use the definite article in the same way.
The only difference is that in Italian you can use the definite article even with the partitive (a part of the whole).
Depending on the context, 'the woman eats sugar' can be translated as both la donna mangia zucchero and la donna mangia lo zucchero.
But 'the woman eats the sugar' can only be translated as la donna mangia lo zucchero.
"lo" can be a definite article: "the", in front of words starting with "z" or "s + consonant". Examples: "lo zaino" = the backpack or "lo squalo" = the shark.
"lo" is also a pronoun, meaning "it" or "him". Examples: "Guardalo" = "Guarda + lo" meaning "Look at him" or "Look at it". "Non lo so" = literally, "I do not know (it)." but typically translated "I don't know".
"lo" never means "is". I don't think it ever means "to the".
Location in the sentence is a big clue as well as context. Definite articles usually go in front of the noun they are describing. Pronouns usually go in front of the verb. Sometimes they can follow the verb (for example, "Guardalo" but then they attach to the verb. It will get clearer as you progress through the lessons. Good luck.
This can help you:. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Italian_conjugation