A lot of, a few, few, many, a little , a bit
como se cuando se usan esas palabras y como usarlas. Por ejemplo esta bien decir: She studies a lot of books / she studies many books. There are a lot of traffic/ there are so much traffic. How many words I need to learn , to talk a little English?/ how many words I need to learn, to talk a bit English? I have a little money/ i have few money There are several people / there are a few people Diferencias entre esos ejemplos. Alguien que me explique.
mira yo aprendi con esta pagina http://www.agendaweb.org/ el tema que tu buscas se llama "quantifiers" y es este http://www.agendaweb.org/grammar/quantifiers-quantity-exercises.html
En ingles algo general como Agua, Dinero, Aceite, Fuerza, Longitud, Tiempo Peso es INCONTABLE pero se vuelve contable si te refieres a: litros de Agua , Dinero en pesos-dolares-euros, newton de Fuerza, metros de Longitud, Tiempo en segundos. no tego mucho tiempo estudiando ingles pero si te puedo ayudar en algo para es estamos y eso va para cualquiera que lea esto ahii nos inboxeamos https://www.facebook.com/CRHPz
CONTABLE INCONTABLE a lot a lot few little many much some some bit
Las palabras pequeñas son las más difíciles de aprender.
Los primeres ejemplos son iguales - She studies a lot of books/She studies many books - ambos son correctos. Many es un poco más formal que a lot.
"There is a lot of traffic" es bueno para dar informacion. "There is so much traffic!" is mas que una exclamacion - con mas énfasis.
"How many words do I need to learn to talk a little in English (or speak a little English)" - you need to add the word do. Tambien en el segundo ejemplo, "talk a bit in English" or "speak a bit of English" son correctos.
I have a little money es correcto. I have few money no es correcto, pero puedes decir, "I have a few dollars"
"There are several people" implica mas personas que "there are a few people". Espero que todo haga sentido.
the phrase "a lot of ___" is colloquial, casual, informal. Again, the difference in use is a function of education. A kid would say, "I studied a lot of books," an adult would say, "I studied many books."
The exception is talking about traffic: almost everyone says "There's a lot of traffic today." But your phrase "so much traffic" works well, also.
Your use of 'little' and 'a bit' are both correct: we would say something like "to speak a little English" or "to speak a bit of English."
We would never say "I have few money". Maybe it's because 'a few' suggests several objects or things, whereas 'money' seems like a general term. We would say "I have a few dollars," because here, you're talking about multiple, individual objects: "the dollars", so it is possible to have a few of them.
Both 'several' and 'a few' suggests that you're talking about a portion of the whole, where the whole is made up of multiple objects. "I know several people at the party" -> means out of all the people at the party, I know several of them, but not all of them. Same thing with 'a few' "There were 50 people at the party, but I only knew a few of them."
hope this helps. post on my stream if I can help further.