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https://www.duolingo.com/profile/panagiotis_ts

Greek Lesson 5

Hello everybody!!! This is the fifth Greek lesson of my series of Greek lessons (see the link for the Greek discussions directory in the end of the lesson). Remember that I don't write how words are pronounced because you've already learnt it in Greek Lesson 1 .

In this lesson you'll learn food words and articles (definitive and indefinitive in nominative case). Here's the vocabulary :

  • το φαγητό = the food
  • το γάλα = the milk
  • το γιαούρτι = the yoghurt
  • το βούτυρο = the butter
  • το τυρί = the cheese
  • το ρύζι = the rice
  • τα ζυμαρικά = the pasta
  • τα μακαρόνια = the spaghetti
  • το ψωμί = the bread
  • το κρέας = the meat
  • το κοτόπουλο = the chicken
  • το λουκάνικο = the sausage
  • το ψάρι = the fish
  • τα λαχανικά = the vegetables
  • η σαλάτα = the salad
  • η ντομάτα = the tomato (you can also hear it as τομάτα, but the most often is ντομάτα)
  • το αγγούρι = the cucumber
  • το καρότο = the carrot
  • το λάχανο = the cabbage
  • τα φρούτα = the fruit (plural, the singular form is το φρούτο)
  • η μπανάνα = the banana
  • το καρπούζι = the watermelon
  • το μήλο = the apple
  • το ροδάκινο = the peach
  • η φράουλα = the strawberry
  • το πορτοκάλι = the orange
  • το κεράσι = the cherry
  • το μέλι = the honey
  • η μαρμελάδα = the jam
  • η σοκολάτα = the chocolate
  • το παγωτό = the ice cream
  • το γλυκό = the gâteau (it is actually the neuter form of the adjective γλυκός-γλυκιά-γλυκό which mans sweet, but it is used as a noun too)
  • η τούρτα = the cake* (see below)
  • το κέικ = the cake* (see below)
  • το αλάτι = the salt
  • το πιπέρι = the pepper
  • το νερό = the water
  • το κρασί = the wine
  • η μπύρα = the beer
  • ο χυμός = the juice
  • ο καφές = the coffee
  • το τσάι = the tea
  • η (ζεστή/κρύα) σοκολάτα = the (hot/cold) chocolate
  • το γεύμα = the meal
  • το πρωινό = the breakfast
  • το μεσημεριανό = the lunch
  • το βραδινό = the dinner
  • το δείπνο= the dinner (syn.)

And now the difference between το κέικ and η τούρτα!!! I can't explain it, so let's let the pictures talk!!!

κέικ

Duo

τούρτα

Duo

So, this was the vocabulary. :) Also, don't forget to see the discussion with traditional Greek food, that I'll upload later!!!! :)

Now, let's see the grammar.

Well, in Greek there are two kinds of articles : the definitive and the indefinitive. The definitive article is used to talk about things that we know, for example if you say "the apple", it means that you know for which apple you are talking, while if you say "an apple", it means that you are talking about apples in general, or about an apple but you don't know which one. In a text, you can use the indefinitive article and then, after having already mentioned the object/person that goes with the article, then you can change it to the definitive article. For example you can say "a thief broke into my house by the window", and then change a to the if you continue, for example "the thief stole....".

Now, let's see these articles in Greek.

First the definitive article ο, η, το (=the). Ο is for masculin words, η is for feminin words and το is for neuter words. In plural, they become οι, οι, τα. Οι is the plural for both ο and η, while τα is the plural form of το.

Then the indefinitive article ένας, μία, ένα (=a/an). Ένας is for masculin words, μία (or μια) is for feminin words, while ένα is for neuter words. The indefinitive article has no plural!!!

Now that you know the articles, you can guess the genders of the words above!

Χαιρετίσματα από τη Θεσσαλονίκη, Παναγιώτης :)

Duo

Greek discussions directory

December 28, 2014

2 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/JessePaedia

Greek is a really cool language, I love the sound of the words.

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