i spend over 3 hours looking for the articke "the" to make up "the keys" and then you cone and say "nycklarna" can be "my keys"?!
"Another correct solution: I have lost MY keys". Can "my" be assumed here? Is it more correct/common to use it or leave it out?
You're most likely to lose your own keys. If I lost my keys, I'd be most likely to say Jag har tappat nycklarna rather than mina nycklar. But both work. In English however, you would probably not say I have lost the keys if you meant your own keys.
No, doesn't work.
Also, you can never have the definite form after a possessive pronoun, just like you can't say my the keys in English.
Oh yeah! So, "Mina nycklar är förlorad" might be okay? Is that because tappat is a verb?
The form would be förlorade, since the keys are plural, but it still sounds very odd to say that about keys. Vi är förlorade works for 'We are lost' (not as in 'lost in the woods', but as in 'our lives are ruined'). It's the participle that makes it too weird, because as a verb it's fine: jag har förlorat nycklarna. If you really want to use a participle, borttappade works though. That's formed from a particle verb tappa bort which means 'drop', 'lose'.
So how would I say "I have lost keys" in Swedish and what would this mean in English: "Jag har tappat mina nyclarna"?
Jag har tappat nycklar, I guess.
Jag har tappat mina nycklarna isn't grammatical Swedish. Just like in English, saying "my the keys" doesn't work.
interesting to note some parallels with a language from a different family: in Kazakh, "tappady" means "didn't find", which, although doesn't mean the same, makes the word more memorizable for me :)