"He is a lecturer now."
Translation:Is léachtóir é anois.
Like Tá sí ina múinteoir, or Tá sí ina cailín. Imagine words like boyhood, fatherhood, adulthood, motherhood in English. HE IS IN HIS LECTURER-hood... He is in the state of being a lecturer. The difference with using the copula is that this is perceived more as a phase: nuair a bhí mé i mo pháiste, bhí mé i mo chónaí sa Fhrainc: I lived in France as a child...
See my reply above. I t means 'in his'. It is used to describe a state of being or occupation which is either to be, or perceived as non permanent. Or when you cannot use the copula 'is x é' (é=x) or 'ba x mé' (mé was = x)
Is múinteoir tú = you are a teacher, this defines you through and through. Beidh tú i do mhúinteoir lá éigin = some day you will be a teacher. Tá sí ina múinteoir = she has a job as a teacher, but that's just a job.
Ann in this case mease 'in him (=i+é) if context refers to this sentence as applying to the person in question, him.
If i am not mistaken, there is an implied copula 'is X atá ann'
Here 'ann' is not used, if I am not mistaken, to mean 'there is' which would be: tá X atá ann = There is an X.
It would be easier in the feminine, where 'inti' would be used for "in her/she is"
http://www.teanglann.ie/ga/fgb/Atá_inti (link broken after á so copy the whole thing...)
Is léachtóir é anois seems wrong somehow, unless I am not getting this use of the copula. I thought Is X é expressed a permanent and innate characteristic, but the addition of anois implies impermanence. It seems to be saying, "Well, yes, he's a lecturer now, I grant you - but who knows what he'll be tomorrow?". Given the implied impermanence, wouldn't Tá sé ina léachtóir anois make more sense? Or am I missing something?
I'm not sure where this "permanent and innate" notion comes from, but it is seriously misleading. tá sé marbh anois is a pretty permanent state. Is turasóir mé is neither permanent, nor necessarily characteristic.
The copula is used when you are categorizing or identifying a noun with a noun. Sometimes you don't use the copula, either for emphasis, or because you can't (future tense statements). You could emphasise the transition into a lecturer by saying Tá sé ina léachtóir anois, but if you're just describing his current state, ("He's currently a lecturer") then the copula works just fine.