"Vi måste till flygplatsen."

Translation:We have to go to the airport.

December 28, 2014



Why is there no verb?

December 28, 2014


There is! Måste is a verb.

Swedish can use måste like this to indicate what must happen.

Jag måste hem = I have to go home

And so on.

December 29, 2014


Oh, ok! So måste means they must do something, so it will make it a verb?

December 29, 2014


When you måste (must), vill (want to), or ska (in the sense have decided to) get somewhere, and the focus is clearly on your arriving there, you can skip the verb of movement in Sweden.
Jag måste till skolan I have got to get to school.
Jag vill hem I want to go home.
Jag ska på ett möte I am going/am on my way to a meeting.
Think of it this way: you're so focused on getting there that in this speech situation, it doesn't matter at all to you how you're going to get there.

ska in this usage can also mean to be headed somewhere

December 29, 2014


" you're so focused on getting there that in this speech situation, it doesn't matter at all to you how you're going to get there"

Thanks Arnauti, this has made a few things click in my head. The lack of the equivalent for a general "go" in Swedish ("gå" is most often associated with walking, "åker" with motorised transport, etc.) often left me perplexed as to how I would express my inclination to move - I'd always have to question exactly how I would get there. But of course, in Swedish, that verb is not even necessary!

I presume that this formation pre-dates the more motorised forms of transport, and is therefore not a result of such - a way of simplifying conversation, if you will. But perhaps a more generic "go" was never developed because of the exsitence of this formation?

November 3, 2015


Ok, thank you!

December 30, 2014


If it's urgent that we need to get somewhere (like the airport, in this example), English often omits the movement verb also: "To the Batmobile!"

March 14, 2016


Where is "go" in this case? Or, to make another example, what if the English were "I have to write a report," or I have to shred a report"? Certainly "måste" doesn't mean "have to go," "have to write," and "have to shred"--and it seems unlikely there would be three different lexical items for each of these "have to x" constructions.

September 4, 2018


Does it conjugate in a similar way as any other verb does?

October 29, 2018


pedagogically it is not good to start the exercise with a sentence with only the modal (without the main verb), having just been told that modals are used with the infinitive of the main verb

January 14, 2015


Well this common particularity had to be somewhere. Everyone starts with a different sentece, the order is random, you were unlucky.

February 18, 2015


Wow, Schwedisch ist also genauso gnadenlos wie Deutsch, wenn es darum geht, Hilfsverben als Vollverben zu missbrauchen... Gehen auch so Sätze wie "Ich kann heute nicht." - "jag kan inte i dag."?

July 23, 2016


Yeah, I'm gonna stick to the Finno-Swedish "måste gå" thank you very much. This just hurts my wee brain.

December 5, 2015


What's wrong with 'We have to be at the airport'?

September 19, 2018


Would "vi måste gå till flygplatsen" or "vi måste åka till flygplatsen" be wrong? And would Swedes use it like that?

October 29, 2018
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