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  5. "He desires to go away."

"He desires to go away."

Translation:Hij verlangt ernaar om weg te gaan.

December 30, 2014


[deactivated user]

    The hint suggests "weggaan", can that not be used for this sentence?


    Sure it can, e.g.: Hij wenst weg te gaan.


    Is there a list of verbs that require ernaar?


    There are certain verbs -- phrasal verbs that are accompanied by a preposition. These prepositions require an object -- and when the rest of the clause does not provide it with an object, it is necessary to use er, daar or hier and construct a pronominal adverb.

    Here's a list of common verbs with prepositions (Phrasal Verbs): List

    • "We hebben ernaar gestreefd ||| (om) alle zwerfkatten een huis te geven." -- "We have tried (aimed) to give all straycats a home."

    In the example above the ||| divides the two subclauses. Note that the first clause includes a phrasal verb: streven naar (to aim for). The clause We hebben ernaar gestreefd does not include an object for naar, thus a pronominal het, which becomes er when attached to naar, is necessary to fulfill the need for naar to have an object.

    The om can be omitted but it's worth noting its presence, as it begins the subclause -- thus triggering the need for a te + infinitive construction to follow at the end.


    Any reason why I can't say "Hij wenst om weg te gaan"?


    OM is not necessary, also not completely wrong, but hardly used. "Wensen" is also only used in quite formal dutch language. More commonly used is willen. Het kind wil een appel of een pony. The childs wishes an apple or a pony.

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