What is the differance between "Ett" and "En"? Ex: Ett äpelsin or En äpelsin?
All Swedish words are divided into two groups: en-words (or utrum) and ett-words (or neutrum). Unfortunately, you cannot know to which group a certain word belongs but there are some tips to have a greater chance of guessing right.
Most words are en-words Most words designating a person are en-words ¹ Have a look at the ending, many endings take the same article (e.g. –a² , –ing and –het are always en-words) ¹ One common exception is ett barn a child ² The only exceptions are ett öga, ett öra and ett hjärta.
Nouns fall under two groups: the common gender, en, and the neuter gender, ett. En words are usually living, en människa(a man), en kvinna. Ett words are usually objects, ett hus(a house)
You missed the word 'usually'. There are quite a few exceptions, but it's still generally true that living things are usually common gender.
A child as the phrase itself implies no gender on the person compared to en pojke or en flicka. Below is a nice blog post helping to clear it up a bit for me.
is there a germanic or old english similar word? because it seems really familiar :/
(like gavel that a judge uses?)
It’s borrowed from Low German. You can find its cognates here: https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/Appendix:Proto-Germanic/gabal%C5%8D
thanks :) (I do know german too, I just hadn't connected the two, I guess I was sure I'd heard something similar in english somewhere! XD )
Lol it let me put in as a option "En Kock" idk what kock means in spanish but i certently do in english xD