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  5. "Do I go to him?"

"Do I go to him?"

Translation:An dtéim chuige?

December 31, 2014



Really lost here


hard to see how the "An dt~" generates the question form??


an in this case is the question particle - it signifies the sentence as a question. It's dt because an here triggers eclipses


Thanks. I see. its art --> t with the d eclipsing it??


Yep. <d> is eclipsing <t> here.


《Shall I go to him》 is a wrong alternative here, right ?


Yes. Shall implies that your asking permission, and that's not covered by this sentence.


linguists can call An+eclipsed verb the interrogative, ie the question conjugation


Linguists call this an an interrogative particle.

Particles occur before the verb which is otherwise at the start of a sentence, and change the way that sentence is interpreted. An interrogative particle turns a statement into a question, a negative particle negates a statement.

Téim chuige - "I go to him".
An dtéim chuige - "Do I go to him?".
Ni théim chuige - "I don't go to him."


Do what your heart tells you


Why does "téim" get eclipsed here?


The interrogative particle an eclipses the verb that it is applied to. That's why you say an bhfuil rather than an fuil.


an bhfuil mé dul chuige?


Is this only literally asking "am I going towards him"/"do I usually go to him"? Because in English the equivalent sentence would probably be asking for advice, something like "should I go to him"/"in this situation, is he the one I should go to?"


An dtéim chuige? is the Irish for "do I go to(wards) him?"
An bhfuil mé ag dul chuige? is the Irish for "Am I going to(wards) him?"
Ar chóir dom dul chuige? is the Irish for "Should I go to(wards) him?"

If you feel that in a particular context you could use any one of these sentences in English, then you could probably make the same choice in Irish, but it doesn't change the fact that An dtéim chuige? is the Irish for "do I go to(wards) him?", it isn't the Irish for "Am I going to(wards) him?" or "Should I go to(wards) him?"


Why is it: An BHFUIL DTéANN na cait bhui chucu. And: an DTéIM chuige. In other words, why is the first sentece with BHFUIL and the second not? while these sentences are almost the same.


It's not "An BHFUIL DTéANN na cait bhui chucu", it's An dtéann na cait bhuí chucu?

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