The use of 'Je'
What is the difference bewteen 'Jij' and 'Je'? How should they be used in a sentence?
In addition to the above, I'd add that 'je' is unique in that it's also frequently used as an (unstressed) alternative to the possessive 'jouw'. (Je/jouw is an informal 'your'.) It can also mean 'yourself'.
This can result in sentences containing a double 'je', each with a different meaning:
- Ben je van je fiets gevallen? (Did you fall off your bicycle?)
- Je weet nu dus dat op je hoofd vallen geen pretje is. (So now you know that landing on your head is no fun.)
- Kun je je de val herinneren? (Do you remember falling?)
- Hopelijk had je wel je helm op! (I hope you did wear your helmet!)
Basically it is the same, but jij is a bit more emphasized. I could point my finger to someone using 'jij'. Or when I'm accusing someone for something, like "JIJ hebt het gedaan" (YOU did it).