"Igenom" is used in some fixed expressions, so-called particle verbs, for example:
läsa igenom = read through
lyssna igenom = listen through
ta sig igenom = get through
gå igenom = go through
Note that "gå" i stressed in "gå genom parken" ("genom" is a preposition) and that "igenom" is stressed in "gå igenom" (igenom is an adverb).
That said, I have a feeling that many people use "genom" and "igenom" synonymously :).
Thank you lots. Maybe you can help me with a couple of un-related questions, too.
First. I don't understand the use of som versus lik. And similarily, is 'ser ut som' different than 'ser ut' (no som.) (I do understand, however, the difference between these and samma and liknand.)
Also, can I use 'detta' as a noun?
Do I need the 'ha' if I need to say "I want to swim"? Jag vill ha simma? Jag vill simma?
Why do I sometimes not say "sig själv" (simply "själv" alone? I know there is a case of that somewhere.
Thanks if you can help.
Ok, I'll try :).
- I guess you are referring to a special case here (else you have to give examples).
vara lik = likna = se ut som = look like
Han är lik sin far = Han liknar sin far = Han ser ut som sin far
- se ut = look or look out
Han ser trött ut = he looks tired
han ser ut genom fönstret = he looks out the window
- "detta" works like "this"
detta är tråkigt = det här är tråkigt = this is boring
- want + noun = vill ha + noun
I want breakfast = Jag vill ha frukost
want + verb = vill + verb
I want to swim = jag vill simma
I don't want to faint = jag vill inte svimma :)
But I want to sleep, so I'll do the last one tomorrow!
For sig själv there are three cases.
reflexive verbs with just sig, no själv.
Hon tvättar sig 'She washes (herself).
Just a reflexive verb which requires this.
You say sig själv with reflexive verbs, when you 'do something to yourself'. There's more emphasis on the fact that you're also an object here.
Jag ser mig själv i spegeln 'I see myself in the mirror'.
You can usually say both versions: Hon tvättar sig själv and Jag ser mig i spegeln work fine too – the difference between 1&2 is just how much you want to focus on the object side of it.
själv can also mean 'on my own'. Like children say, jag kan själv 'I can do it on my own'.
Jag bygger huset själv 'I'm building the house myself' Here you have the meaning 'by myself', 'on my own'.
In principle, you could say Hon tvättar sig själv själv 'She washes herself herself'.