maybe during schoolclasses... someone has a question and the teacher asks: "Who (can) answer?"
This seems like "answers" is used as a verb, but is presented as what I'm assuming is a plural form of answer, which I was assuming is a noun...? I'm a bit confused
In English of course answers is both the plural of the noun and the third person singular form of the verb answer (which is what we have here). But in Swedish, the noun is ett svar, svaret; svar, svaren, and the verb is svarar.
Can I say vilka svarar, like the previous example ,who is coming / vilka kommer ?
Yes, that's right – in English, they'd probably say who answers even if they meant more than one person, but in Swedish, if we know we're asking about several people, we would say vilka here.
No, firstly you can't say "vem det finns" and secondly the use of finns sort of implies a question of actual existance. You could say just vem där? for asking "who's there?". Or if you're on the phone and want to ask a little more nicely, you could say "vem pratar jag med?".
What are the meanings/differences between ett svar, svaret, svar, svaren, and svarar?
- svar = answer, or answers - it's the same in singular and plural
- ett svar = an answer
- svaret = the answer
- svaren = the answers
- svarar = the verb answer, e.g. "hon svarar" = "she answers"