I need help in Irish with the lenitions and possesives - could anyone please explain them to me?
Hi everyone :) Well, as the title says: I don't want to figure out the meaning of the context everytime and some of the grammar is a bit confusing to me... Any Irish nerds here who might want to help me? :*
Every consonant except for l, n and r can take a séimhiú, which is a h after the first letter of the word.
The consonants b, c, d, f, g, p and t can take an úrú which is a letter placed before the first letter of the word, and kinda cancels out the first letter.
The úruithe (úrús) are:
B - mB
C - gC
D - nD
F - bhF
G - nG
P - bP
T - dT
So a word after Mo (my), Do (your) and A (his) takes a séimhiú. If the next word begins with a vowel, or an "f" followed by a vowel, then it doesn't take a séimhiú, but an apostrophe is added except for "a (his)". e.g.
Mo charr, do d'fhuinneog, and a theach.
M'athair, d'úll and a ainm.
When a word comes after a (her), then no séimhiú is added and a "h" is added before the word if it begins with a vowel.
a carr, a hathair.
For a word after ár (our), bhur (yer) and a (their), an úrú is added before the first letter if it is a consonant and an "n-" is added if it is a vowel. e.g.
Ár nAthair (or ár n-athair), bhur gcarr and a bhfuinneog.
For words beginning with l, n or r there won't be a difference between his, her and their. e.g. the sentence "a rothar" means his bike, her bike and their bike.
Wikipedia covers this very well.
Oh I would be grateful if someone enlightened me on those phenomena too! I am following this discussion! :D
@EpicAwe Alright, thank you... I really have syntax problems with longer sentences... I always turn them upside down, so embarassing....
@DespoinaTi Oh I understand you, dear, I really do... I mean, al those letters in front of words you already learned and then you think "What? Why is that pronounced differently now?" Beautiful language but really strange grammar...
I know.. And trying to remember all those grammar rules plus the exceptions to each rule is killing me :P