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Verb help for early German-learners

I often see that many early German-learners are quite confused about the verbs, making posts in the lessons and discussion. I just wanted to give newbies a little help so they don't get discouraged. I will conjugate the irregular verbs before the first checkpoint here on Duolingo in the present tense, giving a table to conjugate regular verbs. Remember to think in German and not translate. Don't say you are = du bist because it could also be ihr seid or even Sie sind. Regular verbs will be noted at the end. By the way, I only mean verbs that are regular in the present tense, other tenses may be irregular.

Remember the following as well.

  • ich = I
  • du = you (singular, informal)
  • er/sie/es = he/she/it
  • wir = we
  • ihr = you (plural, informal)
  • sie; Sie = they; you (singular and plural, formal)

Irregular Verbs

Conjugation of essen, to eat

  • ich esse
  • du isst
  • er isst
  • wir essen
  • ihr esst
  • sie; Sie essen

Conjugation of haben, to have

  • ich habe
  • du hast
  • sie hat
  • wir haben
  • ihr habt
  • sie; Sie haben

Conjugation of laufen, to run, to walk

  • ich laufe
  • du läufst
  • er läuft
  • wir laufen
  • ihr lauft
  • sie; Sie laufen

Conjugation of lesen, to read

  • ich lese
  • du liest
  • sie liest
  • wir lesen
  • ihr lest
  • sie; Sie lesen

Conjugation of mögen, to like

  • ich mag
  • du magst
  • er mag
  • wir mögen
  • ihr mögt
  • sie; Sie mögen

Conjugation of schlafen, to sleep

  • ich schlafe
  • du schläfst
  • sie schläft
  • wir schlafen
  • ihr schlaft
  • sie; Sie schlafen

Conjugation of sehen, to see

  • ich sehe
  • du siehst
  • er sieht
  • wir sehen
  • ihr seht
  • sie; Sie sehen

Conjugation of sein, to be

  • ich bin
  • du bist
  • sie ist
  • wir sind
  • ihr seid
  • sie; Sie sind

Conjugation of sprechen, to speak

  • ich spreche
  • du sprichst
  • er spricht
  • wir sprechen
  • ihr sprecht
  • sie; Sie sprechen

Conjugation of tragen, to wear, to carry

  • ich trage
  • du trägst
  • sie trägt
  • wir tragen
  • ihr tragt
  • sie; Sie tragen

Conjugation of waschen, to wash

  • ich wasche
  • du wäschst
  • er wäscht
  • wir waschen
  • ihr wascht
  • sie; Sie waschen

Regular Verbs

Here are the verb endings for regular verbs.

  • ich -e
  • du -st
  • sie -t
  • wir -en
  • ihr -t
  • sie; Sie -en

Here is an example of how to apply this.

Conjugation of trinken, to drink

  • ich trinke
  • du trinkst
  • er trinkt
  • wir trinken
  • ihr trinkt
  • sie; Sie trinken

And now the list...

  • beginnen, to begin
  • bezahlen, to pay
  • brauchen, to need
  • bringen, to bring
  • gehen, to go, to walk
  • kennen, to know (a person, a place)
  • lernen, to learn
  • reichen, to suffice
  • rennen, to run
  • schmecken, to taste
  • schreiben, to write
  • schwimmen, to swim
  • spielen, to play
  • trinken, to drink
  • verpassen, to miss (an appointment, a chance)

I hope this can come in handy to some of you!

Happy learning!

January 10, 2015



No problem! Glad you appreciate it.


Oh my gosh... super helpful! I can never get the hang of conjugating and I will be using this a lot! Danke!


Very happy to, thanks for telling.


very good!!!!!Sometimes this link below help me too: http://www.info.pro.br/instituto_steiger/8/83s/831.htm


Hi; I just wanted to correct a typo. For the verb trinken, it's sie/Sie trinken not trinkten. Great list!


Thank you! If anyone else finds one, please let me know!


Thank you! This is the right tool at the right time for me :)


Danke! bookmarking this.


Glad you find it helpful!


Bookmark right a way! many thanks for this note


Someone, sticky this...please...


I'll take that as a compliment, thanks!


You should. Thank you for making this. Clears up a lot of confusion.


Very nice! Was this verbs I was looking for to improve my learning in German. Thank you very much to share it with Us. I also want to print. Do you think is possible do this?


You can print the page or just copy the stuff into Microsoft Word (or similar) and print there.


proceeds to copy onto notepad thank you muchly.


I'd add that there is are stem change verbs in German (maybe link to this, which explained it to me: http://www.nthuleen.com/teach/grammar/stemchangeexpl.html), and how laufen is a -> ä, essen is e -> i, etc. It only happens in du & er.


Yep. Most irregularities are like that in German. Du hast, and, Er hat, are irregular, but the rest isn't. I think people will start to realize this as they learn.


thanks for this, very useful!!!


I'm glad you find it so!


wow thanks this is so useful!!


No problem, good luck on your German studies!


Thank you! This is very helpful and will save me some work! I've got to the point where, knowing the way I work and learn, I think I need to write a lot of this grammar out so that I can properly learn it and apply it....and you've just gone and done most of it for me! You're a star :)


I'm glad to have helped :)


Thank you so much this will totally be super useful :)


I appreciate your enthusiasm (is that a tv show? Curve that enthusiasm... Hmm)


Sehr gut, danke!!


super helpful. bookmarked and get it my evernote for reviewing. BTW, here is a lingot.


very useful, tanx.


I wish this was posted earlier , thank you so much !

[deactivated user]

    Danke, danke, danke :)


    Bitte, bitte, bitte!


    Fantastich! Danke schön! Bookmarked


    Thank you, and no problem!


    Hi! Do you know what mean the phrase: Du bist blod.


    I think you mean blöd which means 'dumb, silly, stupid'. Du bist blöd means You are dumb.


    Thanks! I posted this question because I'm still in the beginning of my studies and, I really didn't know what that phase means. I know now.


    Thank you. This trips me up daily. Could you recommend a good verb table book. There are so many on Amazon. I borrowed one from my library which is good but out of print.


    Thank you!!!

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