"She has the peaches."
Translation:Tá na péitseoga aici.
AHA!!!! You guys, it's all becoming clear.
Simply plot the parabolic windspeed of the indefinite nominative inverse kinematic gerund, and then lenition is used when P,T,D,S,R,5, or Green are followed by a series of encrypted number in moonlight, unless blood moon, new moon, or bad moon on the rise. Then, obviously, if it's plural in certain cases, or singular in particular cases and when followed by a trail of bats blood in autumn, you simply guess at random if a noun is a lady noun or a dude noun and then sprinkle in random letters to taste! And there you have it: Lenition!
HA! Kinda kidding. It's fun. And I'm getting all the answers right. But I still don't totally know what we're doing. :D
Actually, I guess I dig the idea that this chapter had no overly academic intro explaining lenition.In english, there are similarly baffling concepts, which I learned entirely through exposure. I don't know why I say Their, There, They're in terms a linguist would be familiar with. I don't really even know what a definite article is. I know those english patterns by repeated use and familiarity. So perhaps it's 100% fine that I have no firm idea what a lenition is and I'm almost finished with the lenition chapter? :D
I'm finding it difficult to learn lenition at the same time as new vocabulary. Learning how to spell peach and then try to learn when it is lenited. Not to mention that I don't think I've heard it spoken yet. I love this site. Don't get me wrong--I'll keep at it. I'm hoping that things will clear up as I proceed. Do we keep coming back to eclipsis and lenition as we learn more?
I still can't figure out when I'm supposed to put the h. I have read everyone's explanations over and over. And i can't pronounce peach to save my life, apparently I've been whispering it while I'm doing the lesson and my wife thought i was hissing over and over so i guess my irish accent is frightening and needs work. I hope in a couple decades i can do some justice to this fabulous language :)
At this point of the course, the main sources of lenition (that "h" you're having problems with) are feminine nouns after the singular definite article an (so péitseog becomes an phéitseog, and bean becomes an bhean, because they are both feminine nouns), adjectives of feminine nouns (whether the feminine noun itself is lenited or not), so bean chúthail for "a shy woman", or péitseog mhór for "a big peach", and after the possessive adjectives mo, do and a when it means "his", no matter the gender of the noun, so mo pheitseog, do mhadra (even though madra is a masculine noun) and a chat for "his cat", but a cat for "her cat".
You'll encounter further causes of lenition as you go further, but those 3 rules will get you started, and crop up fairly regularly in the first half of the course.
I managed to make it through 14 years of Irish in school, and a further 18 after school without ever knowing Irish words had genders. Leniton makes no sense to me what so ever. Between lenition and prepositions I'm going to be stuck here for years. I wish the comments section helped but it's only confusing me more.
It is indeed amazing that so many of us make it through school in Ireland without learning that Irish nouns are gendered - learning about gender at least explains some of the apparently random mutations that you encounter, and will help you put some order on things. Even when you don't remember the gender of a noun, you will be able to recognize it when you see it.
It makes a difference!
Lenition is the technical term for the way that the sound of certain consonants changes in certain grammatical circumstances. In writing, lenition is indicated by inserting h after the affected letter. (That h is called a séimhiú).
At this stage of the course, you see that feminine nouns are lenited after an (an bhean) and that verbs are lenited after the negative particle ní (ní bhris).
Feminine nouns are lenited after an in the nominative case. After certain simple prepositions and an, both masculine and feminine nouns are eclipsed (dative case).
an is, by definition, singular, so neither of those rules apply to plural nouns, or indefinite nouns.
The rules for the genitive case are different.
The Irish for "peach" is péitseog.
Do you know the difference between "peach" and "Peach"? The only difference is that you capitalize "peach" in certain grammatical circumstances. Lenition is a bit like Capitalization - it only occurs in certain grammatical circumstances, and it doesn't affect the fundamental meaning of the word.
As explained in the earlier comments, there are a number of different grammatical circumstances that cause the noun to be "lenited" - when péitseog is used in one of those circumstances, it becomes phéitseog. As already explained in the comments above, the circumstances that you are encountering in the exercises with péitseog are that feminine nouns are lenited after the singular definite article an, and that all nouns, whether masculine or feminine or singular or plural are lenited after the singular possessive adjectives mo, do and a (his). (a doesn't lenite when it means "her" or "their").
Obviously, the plural péitseoga can't be used with the singular definite article an, but you do get phéitseoga after the singular possessive adjectives.
There are other circumstances that trigger lenition, but you can deal with those later.