1. Forum
  2. >
  3. Topic: Irish
  4. >
  5. "She has the peaches."

"She has the peaches."

Translation:Tá na péitseoga aici.

January 12, 2015



AHA!!!! You guys, it's all becoming clear.

Simply plot the parabolic windspeed of the indefinite nominative inverse kinematic gerund, and then lenition is used when P,T,D,S,R,5, or Green are followed by a series of encrypted number in moonlight, unless blood moon, new moon, or bad moon on the rise. Then, obviously, if it's plural in certain cases, or singular in particular cases and when followed by a trail of bats blood in autumn, you simply guess at random if a noun is a lady noun or a dude noun and then sprinkle in random letters to taste! And there you have it: Lenition!

HA! Kinda kidding. It's fun. And I'm getting all the answers right. But I still don't totally know what we're doing. :D

Actually, I guess I dig the idea that this chapter had no overly academic intro explaining lenition.In english, there are similarly baffling concepts, which I learned entirely through exposure. I don't know why I say Their, There, They're in terms a linguist would be familiar with. I don't really even know what a definite article is. I know those english patterns by repeated use and familiarity. So perhaps it's 100% fine that I have no firm idea what a lenition is and I'm almost finished with the lenition chapter? :D


I hope you don't mind, but I loved your explanation of lenition so much I added to my Pinterest board "Mom...Dad...I'm Gaelic."


HA! That's the best name for a Pinterest board EVER. :D


Well, sure. But only in the Connacht dialect. In other dialects there's the pharyngeal red shift to a lesser particulate. With sub-regional variations, of course. :-)


Perfect relation to how i feel. Was getting frustrated but your comment made me chill, thanks


I can't even tell you how much I needed that!


So it's not just me then!


Relished your refreshingly non-technical explanation. Have a lingot.


My sentiments exactly!! I finally found a post online that explained this a bit more. Now if I can just remember what I read, I'll be grand!


This is priceless, good lad!


That was both funny and good.; especially if you did that off the top of your head. If you're still doing Irish I can give you an h or 2. I don't think a lingots will help.


je t'ai donné un lingot parce qu tu m'a fait rire. Merci beaucoup. I'm off to look up 'parabolic' now. There are still few places in Ireland where you can learn simply by exposure to it. Go raibh mile, mile maith agat :D


I'm finding it difficult to learn lenition at the same time as new vocabulary. Learning how to spell peach and then try to learn when it is lenited. Not to mention that I don't think I've heard it spoken yet. I love this site. Don't get me wrong--I'll keep at it. I'm hoping that things will clear up as I proceed. Do we keep coming back to eclipsis and lenition as we learn more?


Agreed! The lack of audio for new words is baffling in a language like this...


On Android at least, I know I can click on the Practice icon (top left corner) to get more practice in a language, if that helps. I sometimes do finish a section while still feeling less than competent. It's good to have the Practice feature. Thanks, DuoLingo!


If "peaches" is a feminine noun, why isn't it lenited? Why isn't is "pheitseoga"?


because it is plural- singular fem nouns lenited


Unless they're do phéitseoga, or course.... what could be clearer? :P


Like we say in the Southeastern USA, "Clear as mud".


I still can't figure out when I'm supposed to put the h. I have read everyone's explanations over and over. And i can't pronounce peach to save my life, apparently I've been whispering it while I'm doing the lesson and my wife thought i was hissing over and over so i guess my irish accent is frightening and needs work. I hope in a couple decades i can do some justice to this fabulous language :)


At this point of the course, the main sources of lenition (that "h" you're having problems with) are feminine nouns after the singular definite article an (so péitseog becomes an phéitseog, and bean becomes an bhean, because they are both feminine nouns), adjectives of feminine nouns (whether the feminine noun itself is lenited or not), so bean chúthail for "a shy woman", or péitseog mhór for "a big peach", and after the possessive adjectives mo, do and a when it means "his", no matter the gender of the noun, so mo pheitseog, do mhadra (even though madra is a masculine noun) and a chat for "his cat", but a cat for "her cat".

You'll encounter further causes of lenition as you go further, but those 3 rules will get you started, and crop up fairly regularly in the first half of the course.


Thank you, that simplifies things somewhat.


Love this explanation. Thanks


Tá tú ceart faoi sin!


Still muddy, but not as murky! Thanks.


boy has this lenition business burst my "I'm doing great" bubble


I managed to make it through 14 years of Irish in school, and a further 18 after school without ever knowing Irish words had genders. Leniton makes no sense to me what so ever. Between lenition and prepositions I'm going to be stuck here for years. I wish the comments section helped but it's only confusing me more.


It is indeed amazing that so many of us make it through school in Ireland without learning that Irish nouns are gendered - learning about gender at least explains some of the apparently random mutations that you encounter, and will help you put some order on things. Even when you don't remember the gender of a noun, you will be able to recognize it when you see it.

It makes a difference!


I'm thunderstruck. In elementary school Latin, the genders and the parts of speech were literally the first things we had to memorise.


I am still not clear what "lenited" even means, and i am definitely not clear on when to do dt


Lenition is the technical term for the way that the sound of certain consonants changes in certain grammatical circumstances. In writing, lenition is indicated by inserting h after the affected letter. (That h is called a séimhiú).

At this stage of the course, you see that feminine nouns are lenited after an (an bhean) and that verbs are lenited after the negative particle (ní bhris).


Thank you! Simplest explanation so far. Have a lingot!


Let me know if ive got this right.
Feminine nouns are only lenited after a definite article if thier singular while both singular and plural are lenited after a preposition.


Feminine nouns are lenited after an in the nominative case. After certain simple prepositions and an, both masculine and feminine nouns are eclipsed (dative case).

an is, by definition, singular, so neither of those rules apply to plural nouns, or indefinite nouns.

The rules for the genitive case are different.


I would like to reread the lesson, but it doesn't seem to be available on the app.

I am wondering if words are ever lenited after "na" (I'm not sure of technical name.. the plural definite preposition?).

I haven't noticed a pattern/rule moving through the other lessons yet.


Thanks SatharnPHL for your comment. I am very aware of Milsé-A-N being sweet and Milsé-A-I-N being sweets. My point was I put in Milsé-A-N (sweet) and they answered CORRECT "sweets"


Péitseog sounds like PAYTshog, with that o sounding like the o in dog.

Learn Irish in just 5 minutes a day. For free.