le is the indirect object, masculine, feminine and neuter. So, Le gusta el tomate. The tomato is pleasing to him. or the tomato is pleasing to her. Lo is masculine and neuter direct object, since Spanish defaults to the masculine form when unknown, la feminine. In this sentence, you have a direct object, since he (him) receives the action (the call)
Well, not so much the reflexive part. That's a whole nother thing. It's more the direct versus indirect object here. In English - I call - I is subject, call is verb. Who do I call? Tom. direct object. So, I call Tom, I call him. . It works the same way in Spanish, except the direct object goes in front of the verb (usually). yo llamaré yo= subject, llamaré, verb. Who do I call? Juan. Yo llamare a Juan ( mustn't forget the personal a here). But, you can substitute lo for Juan, and then it comes before the verb. Yo lo llamaré.
Okay, so when do you use "le" instead of "lo" or "la"? If I call it my favorite, "it" would be "le", right? Por ejemplo:
"Yo le llamo mi favorita" ... but you wouldn't use "le" for him or her if they're the objects? You would then only use "lo" or "la"? I'm not sure I'm making sense, but I'm just trying to figure out the difference between "le" and "lo" as object... Thanks again for your help!
In your example, it would be yo lo llamo mi favorito, or Yo la llama mi favorita.
It might be easier with a different verb, give. In English - He gives the book to John. He is the subject, the book is the direct object, the thing that is being given. to John (which could be him) is the indirect object or the thing or person that gets the thing being acted on. So, He gives it to him, using all pronouns.
In Spanish, ël le da el libro a Juan. Spanish prefers/requires the use of the indirect object pronoun, even if an indirect object noun is indicated. , so word for word this becomes he to him gives the book to Juan. All pronouns, Él se lo da, because Spanish doesn't like the combination le lo, le changes to se. Yes, it's really confusing. Yes, you'll figure it out eventually. For right now, and speaking only about indirect and direct object pronouns, lo/la/las/los are direct, le/se are indirect.
Call is kind of a special case, because it doesn't usually take an indirect object.
Reply to kigregonis: Lingot to you. I have been wondering so long how to use se as a pronoun instead of just as a reflexive. Thank you for a clear explanation. Challenge to anyone: An example of a sentence that uses "se" as a pronoun and is also reflexive. What I'm getting at, is this possible, and if not, then why not?
The pronouns él, ella, usted, ustedes, vosotro, vosotros/vosotras, and ellos/ellas are all used as both subjects and objects of prepositions, but my question is this: If lo = him/you/it, la = her, and las/los = them when all of these pronouns are indirect objects, then are these same pronouns used ONLY as indirect object pronouns or do they have other functions?
Dec 17, 2014 JeannineRN Aha! I found it! http://www.studyspanish.com/lessons/inequal.htm
The 'más' is part of the way Spanish makes comparisons. So here, where English uses 'later', Spanish uses 'más + tarde'. AND, just as English does, Spanish often leaves off the implied end of the sentence: later (than something) = más tarde (que algo).
Thanks for inspiring me to clear that up in my mind! No semi-invisible 'más' needed. :=D
Okay, I know there are different pronunciations of ll in native speakers but from what I've heard, I thought that this hard j sound is the least common. Like I've heard "ya, sha" and soft j in "ja" but this pronunciation on DL sounds like a hard j. Could someone explain how common hard j is as opposed to these other sounds for ll?
It's a dialectical thing. I was trying to use my American accented Northern Mexican pronunciation in Costa Rica on the word gallo, used the soft y shading to a soft zh, but was definitively corrected to pronouncing it Gajo as in Ga Joe. My ESL students here all use the softer sound that is closer to a y. How you hear it may also differ a little depending on the surrounding sounds
Y "mucho más tarde" = "latest." In English, the meaning of "late" is "not to be on time." The meaning of "later" is "at some time in the future compared to a set time." The meaning of "latest" is as rogercchristie pointed out "most recent" (as in "the last ... that happened") or is "the very last of a series of events."
For example: Of all the late-comers, he was the latest. He was fifteen minutes late and only got here thirty seconds ago. His brother was only a minute late, and his sister came fifteen minutes later.
I have always assumed that this understanding of how time works is similar in Spanish. I'd be interested to learn if there are any subtleties in Spanish that I am missing.