Hebrew Time #2 : Let's count !
שלום לכולם !
So this is the second post of Hebrew Time, and our topic for today is – Numbers :D
For those of us who are joining now – Hebrew Time is a series of weekly posts about the Hebrew language, Israel, and the Jewish people.
You can see the previous post here :
We are going to learn how to count in Hebrew until 1,000.
let's start with the numbers 1-10 :
1 – אחת (Achat).
2 - שתיים(Shtaim).
3 – שלוש (Shalosh).
4 – ארבע (Arbah).
5 – חמש (Chamesh).
6 – שש (Shesh).
7 – שבע (Sheva).
8 – שמונה (Shmone).
9 – תשע (Tesha).
10 – עשר (Eser).
And another number : 0 – אפס (Efes).
So now we know to count until ten (Whoohoo!!).
I'm sure you want to know more than that, so let’s continue:)
Our next numbers will be 11 – 20.
There is a rule to form these numbers: You say the unit number (usually with a little vowel change) followed by "Esre", which means “tens”.
What do I mean ?
For example: 11 – Achat + Esre = Achat-Esre (אחת-עשרה).
So for the rest of the numbers :
12 – שתיים-עשרה (Shteim-Esre).
13 - שלוש-עשרה (Shlosh-Esre) .
14 – ארבע-עשרה (Arbah-Esre).
15 – חמש-עשרה (Hamesh-Esre).
16 – שש-עשרה (Shesh-Esre).
17 – שבע-עשרה (Shva-Esre).
18 – שמונה-עשרה (Shmona-Esre).
19 – תשע-עשרה (Tesha-Esre).
20 – עשרים(Esrim).
So we know how to count until 20!! How wonderful:D
Now we'll learn how to count until 100 (21-100).To make these numbers we have two rules :
For the tens (from 30 to 90) the number is built like this : You take the number of tens and add “im”.
For example : 30 – Shalosh + im = Shloshim. (שלושים) –with some little changes.
Our seconed rule is : to build numbers between 21 to 99 that are not 30,40,50 etc. , we add “ve” (“and”) and then the unit number.
For example : 37 – Shloshim + ve + sheva = Shloshim vesheva (30 and 7) – שלושים ושבע
We will do so for all the number between 21 to 99.
Let's have the names of the tens:
40 – ארבעים (Arbahim).
50 – חמישים (Hamishim).
60 – שישים (Shishim).
70 – שבעים (Shiv'im).
80 – שמונים (Shmonim).
90 – תשעים (Tish'im).
100 – מאה (mea).
Okay, now you can be happy and say "I know how to count until 100 in Hebrew!! Yay!! " – but it's not over! We still need to get to 1,000.
So how do we continue ?
For numbers 200-999 we also have two rules.
When we have a number whose middle digit is 0 , for example : 108, 203, 509 etc, we build the number using “ve” again (just like in English) :
For example : 106 – Mea + ve + shesh= Mea veshesh (100 and 6) – מאה ושש
Our second rule is that when we build the other numbers we say the hundreds and then the rest of the number, (without a “ve” joining them):
For example : 164 – Mea +shishim vearbah=Mea shishim verarbah(100, 60 and 4)– מאה שישים וארבע
These are the names of the hundreds:
200 – מאתיים (Mataim).
300 – שלוש מאות (Shlosh meot).
400 – ארבע מאות (Arbah meot).
500 – חמש מאות (Hamesh meot).
600 – שש מאות (Shesh meot).
700 – שבע מאות (Shva meot).
800 – שמונה מאות (Shmona meot).
900 – תשע מאות (Tesha meot).
1,000 – אלף (Elef).
Yay! We know how to count until 1,000 in Hebrew!
For a bonus :
10,000 – עשר אלף (Eser elef).
100,000 – מאה אלף (Mea elef).
1,000,000 – מיליון (Million).
1,000,000,000 – מיליארד (Milliard).
And we are about to finish, but I can't finish without telling you :
Le'itraot ! = See you later !
This was the second Hebrew Time, I hope you had a great Hebrew Time and learned a lot !
Support the future Hebrew for English speakers course so we (the future Hebrew team) will be able to work on it !
If you are a Hebrew speaker - contribute to the Hebrew for English speakers course in the Incubator and help us (:
Thanks for MaeMcA (https://www.duolingo.com/MaeMcA) from our Hebrew course future team, for helping me to write this post :D
That's it ! Good Night !
לילה טוב !
Laila Tov !
For the next post: https://www.duolingo.com/comment/6549884
Wow! Great post! Thanks for sharing this! :)
As Azure_Waters said, we have "Shesh" (six) in Farsi, but it has two pronunciations: Shesh (formal) and Shish (informal or colloquial)! :D
And, I think "Arbah" exists in Arabic for "four", but it is pronounced this way: "Arba'e"!
Thanks for sharing . though you wanna know that " shesh " is same in both Hebrew and Persian but in Arabic it'd be "ستة", "Settat". Hebrew & Arabic have "elef" & "arbah" in common but not in Persian . and also Million and milliard are borrowed words that are in Persian too ! Hope you continue posting these