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  5. Hebrew Time #2 : Let's count !

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/BartiBar

Hebrew Time #2 : Let's count !

Hello everyone!

שלום לכולם !

Shalom lekulam!

So this is the second post of Hebrew Time, and our topic for today is – Numbers :D

For those of us who are joining now – Hebrew Time is a series of weekly posts about the Hebrew language, Israel, and the Jewish people.

You can see the previous post here :

https://www.duolingo.com/comment/6284753


We are going to learn how to count in Hebrew until 1,000.

let's start with the numbers 1-10 :

1 – אחת (Achat).

2 - שתיים(Shtaim).

3 – שלוש (Shalosh).

4 – ארבע (Arbah).

5 – חמש (Chamesh).

6 – שש (Shesh).

7 – שבע (Sheva).

8 – שמונה (Shmone).

9 – תשע (Tesha).

10 – עשר (Eser).

And another number : 0 – אפס (Efes).

So now we know to count until ten (Whoohoo!!).

I'm sure you want to know more than that, so let’s continue:)


Our next numbers will be 11 – 20.

There is a rule to form these numbers: You say the unit number (usually with a little vowel change) followed by "Esre", which means “tens”.

What do I mean ?

For example: 11 – Achat + Esre = Achat-Esre (אחת-עשרה).

So for the rest of the numbers :

12 – שתיים-עשרה (Shteim-Esre).

13 - שלוש-עשרה (Shlosh-Esre) .

14 – ארבע-עשרה (Arbah-Esre).

15 – חמש-עשרה (Hamesh-Esre).

16 – שש-עשרה (Shesh-Esre).

17 – שבע-עשרה (Shva-Esre).

18 – שמונה-עשרה (Shmona-Esre).

19 – תשע-עשרה (Tesha-Esre).

20 – עשרים(Esrim).

So we know how to count until 20!! How wonderful:D


Now we'll learn how to count until 100 (21-100).To make these numbers we have two rules :

For the tens (from 30 to 90) the number is built like this : You take the number of tens and add “im”.

For example : 30 – Shalosh + im = Shloshim. (שלושים) –with some little changes.

Our seconed rule is : to build numbers between 21 to 99 that are not 30,40,50 etc. , we add “ve” (“and”) and then the unit number.

For example : 37 – Shloshim + ve + sheva = Shloshim vesheva (30 and 7) – שלושים ושבע

We will do so for all the number between 21 to 99.

Let's have the names of the tens:

40 – ארבעים (Arbahim).

50 – חמישים (Hamishim).

60 – שישים (Shishim).

70 – שבעים (Shiv'im).

80 – שמונים (Shmonim).

90 – תשעים (Tish'im).

And:

100 – מאה (mea).

Okay, now you can be happy and say "I know how to count until 100 in Hebrew!! Yay!! " – but it's not over! We still need to get to 1,000.

So how do we continue ?


For numbers 200-999 we also have two rules.

When we have a number whose middle digit is 0 , for example : 108, 203, 509 etc, we build the number using “ve” again (just like in English) :

For example : 106 – Mea + ve + shesh= Mea veshesh (100 and 6) – מאה ושש

Our second rule is that when we build the other numbers we say the hundreds and then the rest of the number, (without a “ve” joining them):

For example : 164 – Mea +shishim vearbah=Mea shishim verarbah(100, 60 and 4)– מאה שישים וארבע

These are the names of the hundreds:

200 – מאתיים (Mataim).

300 – שלוש מאות (Shlosh meot).

400 – ארבע מאות (Arbah meot).

500 – חמש מאות (Hamesh meot).

600 – שש מאות (Shesh meot).

700 – שבע מאות (Shva meot).

800 – שמונה מאות (Shmona meot).

900 – תשע מאות (Tesha meot).

And:

1,000 – אלף (Elef).

Yay! We know how to count until 1,000 in Hebrew!


For a bonus :

10,000 – עשר אלף (Eser elef).

100,000 – מאה אלף (Mea elef).

1,000,000 – מיליון (Million).

1,000,000,000 – מיליארד (Milliard).


And we are about to finish, but I can't finish without telling you :

להתראות !

Le'itraot ! = See you later !

This was the second Hebrew Time, I hope you had a great Hebrew Time and learned a lot !

Support the future Hebrew for English speakers course so we (the future Hebrew team) will be able to work on it !

If you are a Hebrew speaker - contribute to the Hebrew for English speakers course in the Incubator and help us (:

http://incubator.duolingo.com/

Thanks for MaeMcA (https://www.duolingo.com/MaeMcA) from our Hebrew course future team, for helping me to write this post :D

That's it ! Good Night !

לילה טוב !

Laila Tov !

For the next post: https://www.duolingo.com/comment/6549884

January 13, 2015

38 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/MaeeSafaee

Wow! Great post! Thanks for sharing this! :)

As Azure_Waters said, we have "Shesh" (six) in Farsi, but it has two pronunciations: Shesh (formal) and Shish (informal or colloquial)! :D

And, I think "Arbah" exists in Arabic for "four", but it is pronounced this way: "Arba'e"!

January 13, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/BartiBar

That's right ! The numbers in Hebrew and Arabic are very similar (: Thanks for your support !

January 13, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/MaeeSafaee

It's a great pleasure! I would love to learn Hebrew someday! :)

January 13, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AbigailKre1

I gave you I think 10 lingots follow me please.

January 14, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Azure_Waters

Cool! In Persian, 6 is Sheesh! Sounds similar! Very neat! (:

January 13, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/BartiBar

Yea it is ! Thank you (;

January 13, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Cepeleux

Thanks for sharing . though you wanna know that " shesh " is same in both Hebrew and Persian but in Arabic it'd be "ستة", "Settat". Hebrew & Arabic have "elef" & "arbah" in common but not in Persian . and also Million and milliard are borrowed words that are in Persian too ! Hope you continue posting these

January 14, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/BartiBar

Thanks for you support !

January 14, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/JessePaedia

Great post. Thanks for sharing. I already knew how to count to ten in Hebrew, now I can count to one hundred.

January 14, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/BartiBar

You can count to 1,000 ! (: Thanks for you support ! I'm glad you liked it !

January 14, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/raans
  • 2222

Great, thanks your sharing!

תודה!

(I hope the above was really "thank you".) :)

dd2927a3e0

January 14, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/BartiBar

You're welcome ! And yes, it is "thank you". =)

January 14, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AmirLFC

הדרך שבה אתה כותב את המילים באנגלית קצת מוזרה לפעמים... אתה באמת אומר את המילה תשעים "Tishaim"?

January 14, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/BartiBar

כן. זאת הצורה הכי טובה לרשום תעתיק למילה תשעים. (Tish-aim)

January 14, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AmirLFC

בחיים שלי לא שמעתי אף אחד שאומר ככה.. כל מי ששמעתי אמר "Tish'im", "Shiv'im" . אתה גם אומר את הצליל "ה" במילה ארבע?

January 14, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/BartiBar

ככה אני אומר, יכול להיות שלא הבנת את התעתיק נכון. ה"h" במילה ארבע זה בשביל להדגיש את ה"ע". בכל מקרה אם קראת ככה את התעתיק אני אשנה את התעתיק לאיך שהצעת, זה עלול להטעות אנשים שלא יודעים עברית.. תודה על הערה.

January 14, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AmirLFC

זה קטע כזה של האזור שלכם? בחיים שלי לא שמעתי מישהו מדבר ככה O_O... וגם בלהתראות לא כתבת "h" שלרוב אומרים D:

January 14, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/BartiBar

מזאת אומרת האזור שלנו ? מאיפה אתה ? זה לא כזה משנה, יש הרבה שיטות לרשום תעתיק, אני מדבר עברית כמו שכולם מדברים ..

January 14, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AmirLFC

אני מירושלים ואומרים שירושלמים מדברים מוזר, אבל לא בקטע של הגיית מילים... בתעתיק אתה מנסה לרשום את ההגייה המדוייקת של כל מילה אבל אתה כותב שם דברים טיפה שונים ממה שאומרים בפועל. בגלל זה שאלתי אם זה קטע של אזור מסויים כי אני לא מכיר הגייה כזאת.

January 14, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/MaeMcA

האמת שאין שיטה מושלמת לכתוב עברית באנגלית בגלל שבאנגלית יש מיליוני דרכים לבטא כל תנועה. "aim-" נשמע לי קצת כמו "ע" של התימנים אם מפרידים אותם...אבל באנגלית זה יכול להיות המון דברים - תשוו "hair", "raid", "nail" ו"said".

January 15, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/ChristianofPeace

Thanks again. I really hope you keep this up, and maybe they will actually start the Hebrew for English speakers course.

January 14, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/BartiBar

Your welcome (: I hope too ..

January 14, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/nFaele

My mostly forgotten Biblical Hebrew classes tell me that numbers have two forms, the masculine and the feminine. Has this been dropped from Modern Hebrew?

January 15, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/BartiBar

Your are right (: And no it hasn't, the masculine and feiminine forms come when you refer to a noun. When counting, the numbrer's form will always be fuminine.

January 15, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/nFaele

Ah. OK, thanks!

January 15, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/flootzavut

Oh, that's good to know. The two forms of numbers are something that has slowed me down every time I tried to learn Hebrew - for some reason it seems to crop up really early in every book or course I've tried :-o

If I know to concentrate on the feminine, that helps!

January 23, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AyeletW15

thank you

January 15, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/BartiBar

You're welcome ! thanks for you support (:

January 15, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Brina431719

Toda Dvir and MaeMcA! I've been trying to teach myself some of the basics but learning numbers beyond 10 has always confused me. This was a really good explanation that I understood completely straight away. Toda raba!! Can't wait for the next instalment :)

January 15, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/BartiBar

I am happy that you liked it (: Thanks for you support !

January 16, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/MaeMcA

You're welcome:) Neither can I!

January 16, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/shirel.tai

It's really important to mention that the numbers from 1-20 that appear here are only the feminine numbers, there are a few small changes on the masculine ones

January 23, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/BartiBar

Thanks for the comment (:

January 23, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Neferaman

תודה בישביל זה do you know some websites where I can learn hebrew in a more advanced way?

January 14, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AbigailKre1

I gave you ten lingots so please follow me

January 14, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/BartiBar

Haha you don't need to give me lingots for that (: You can just ask =)

January 14, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AbigailKre1

I think I gave you 10 lingots please follow me =.

January 14, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AbigailKre1

Thanks

January 14, 2015
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