"The grey cat has an orange fish."
Translation:Den grå kat har en orange fisk.
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Still trying to wrap my head around this, I think. Katten = the cat, but you can't say "Grå katten" for "the grey cat". It has to be split into "Den grå kat"?
Yes, someone else suggested in "Grå katten" the color would be the name of the cat as in "Gray the cat".
Okay. That makes sense to me and I can divide things in my head thinking of it that way. Thanks!
de is used for plural things, so it would be "de grå katte" (the grey cats), but "den" is used for singular common gender words like here. "det" is used for neuter gender singular words ("det grå hus" = "The grey house")
might be a stupid question but why is the colour 'orange' but the fruit 'appelsin'?
Because one is a colour and the other is a fruit. :)
The word orange is French, coming via the Spanish naranja from Arabian nāranǧ, which refers to the bitter orange fruit. The French referred to it as pomme d'orange, "orange apple", too, so there's the connection to the colour.
Appelsin, on the other hand, is a common name in central Europe, originated in older Dutch as appelsina. The fruit was imported from South China and the name simply means "apple from China".
In icelandic the fruit is appelsína and the colour is appelsínugulur ( appelsin gul)
Sorry I am a French speaking person and I never, neither anyone I know, used "pomme orange"
Phew, this was over a year ago, but I think I got the info from this Wiktionary page about the German noun, "Orange". Nowadays no French person calls it "pomme" anymore, but in Old French that definitely seemed to be the case.
Because the word is "orange". Adjectives ending in "-e" also tend not to take a separate neuter or plural forms:
"En orange fisk" = An orange fish
"Et orange hus" = An orange house
"Orange biler" = Orange cars
"Den orange fisk" = The orange fish
The gray the cat? :)
No, if you add an adjective, you split the article from the noun again because the adjective needs to squeeze in between the two:
kat -> katten -> den grå kat
Thanks. I was just trying to make analogies with norwegian where this phrase would be: Den grå katten.