Potpourri of Dutch Questions!
Could someone link/explain the difference between Dat/Het/Die/De?
How does the grammar for "misschien" work? I sometimes see it at the beginning of a sentence with the verb and noun switched. How does this work?
The simple present conjugation of "dragen" (to wear) for "jij" is "draagt." Yet sometimes I see sentences (questions in particular) with the "t" on "draagt" dropped. Is there some special rule?
"De muis draagt een broek." Why is there an "een?" That seems unnecessary as nobody in English says "a pants."
Thanks for Your Time!
I'm still a beginner, so I can't help you with everything, but here's what I've gathered:
Dat=that, het=it or the, and de=the (het vs. de as an article depends on the gender). Not sure about die.
Dutch word order is very confusing, but you will get more practice with the prepositions and conjunctions units. Will you totally understand it (including the misschien issue)? No, but it will be more clear, and you will slowly learn over time.
For questions, the -t in verbs vefore jij or je is dropped to make the sentence flow better. For example, if "Je drinkt het sap" were to become a question, it would be, "Drink je het sap?"
Not everything is the same as in English. Why don't we say, "I'm wearing a pair of shirts," when we're only wearing one shirt? If anything, the singular broek makes more sense than the plural pants. However, if you're talking about multiple pairs of paints, you should use the plural "broeken."
I hope this helped, and if anyone sees anything I wrote that is incorrect or misleading, please feel free correct it.
Thank you. Number 3 makes a lot more sense now. It had originally been bothering me.
As for 4, different languages work differently... so, in Dutch you must indeed say "een broek" but the simple reason in that pants is plural is English and singular in Dutch.
Anyway, you're still at the beginning, as soon as you level up some of these questions will answer themselves :)
Maybe this will help: http://adensmore.bol.ucla.edu/Lesson%2003/index.htm