i just came to realize that swedish DU doesn''t pronounce like german DU at all. it sounds much more like french deux ( two). . i will have to make a list with these similarities between swedish and other languages i speak. I t helps a lot. Anyway I am writing everything in A4 notebooks. and I am printing all the grammar I can find on the net for each of the languages I am studying. I have already 5 big books full. . Russian (2) Rumanian- Gaelic- Swedish. It's like going back 62 years when I was still at college. in Switzerland and I was studying french ( my language) german - english - latin and greek. I am certainly one of the oldest DUO students.( 78).
It's not an has/have distinction, actually. The form ha is the infinitive and the form har is the present tense. In English, these two are the same for the most part, but you can see the difference in third person singular.
- Jag har en boll = I have a ball
- Hon har en boll = She has a ball
- Att ha en boll = To have a ball
So, for questions like "Are you doing (XYZ)", you just switch around the subject and the verb? If there was a direct object, would it be something like "Äter du mat?" or "Talar du svenska?".
Also, how would you ask "Are you (XYZ)?" in terms of adjectives, not verbs? Would the subject and the verb (in this case, är) get switched around like before? "Du är glad" into "Är du glad?"?
In Swedish how do I distinguish the question "are you working" as in "are you performing your labor at this moment" versus "do you work" as in "do you have an occupation/job"? because those two sentences do mean different things in English. Is this something that is only distinguished contextually?