Can someone explain verb participle grammar rules and usage? There are no tips or explanations as to what the grammar and usage rules are. When I start a new ''box'' I would like to see at least some attempt at an explanation. Many of the topics do have this but some don't. Not sure why.
Ok, I'll see if I can help you with something. First off, to make verb participles:
- If the infinitive verb ends in ~ar you replace it for the suffix ~ado. Examples: amar (amado), cantar (cantado), estudiar (estudiado)
- If the infinitive verb ends in ~er or ~ir you replace it for the suffix ~ido. Examples: beber (bebido), leer (leido), vivir (vivido), sentir (sentido)
Note that there exist some irregular verbs for which the previous rules don't apply (for example the V. Part. of the verb morir is muerto).
Verb participles when used as such don't suffer modification from number nor gender.
Regarding usage, v. part. are frequently seen on:
Perfect/composed verb tenses of the regular conjugation:
I have sang a song / He cantado una canción
To conjugate passive voice:
The song has been sang by me / La canción ha sido cantada por mi
To make subordinate sentences:
That said,... / Dicho esto,...
And as adjectives:
The borrowed book was good / El libro prestado era bueno
Very basically that's it, it is very similar to v. part. in English. Hope this helped, if you need more help just ask.
Thanks! After reading your explanation I think I've seen this before. Verb participles is kind of a strange name for the section. It's not the forming it's the usage that can be confusing because the section is really introducing a new verb tense. I really appreciate your taking the time to reply!