"The boy eats an apple."
Translation:Itheann an buachaill úll.
In the case of the sentence above, what is the meaning of the word AN? That one really threw me off, mainly because I'd never seen it before. Anyone know the meaning?
an equals "the" for "the boy". An gets used to mean other things in other contexts (e.g. a question particle, an bhfuil tú anseo?
An, in case relates to the boy. In Irish the verb comes first in a sentence, the example given literally means 'eats the boy apple' which is actually wrong, it should be 'eats the boy an apple' or in Irish, Itheann an buachaill an úll. See my other comment below
an úll is not the Irish for "an apple".
an is the Irish for "the" (among other things).
I'm not really sure what you are asking, but the basic order of a sentence in Irish is "Verb-Subject-Object" so itheann an buachaill úll.
(Tips & Notes for Basics 1)
But Irish doesn't have a verb for "have", so to say "X has Y" you use the construction tá Y ag X.
(Tips & Notes for Phrases)
It's not very fun for us Americans that are used to English as our first language, but you'll find that we put words in a very different order than other languages. I took 3 years of spanish in college and you see this kind of thing often. It's just the way Irish developed as a predecessor to English.
So is this typical indicative mood sentence construction. VSO? I didn't notice any notes about this at the start of the section. Thanks.
Irish is interesting in this way - it usually uses a VSO structure (Verb-Subject-Object). Itheann (V) an buachaill (S) úll (O)
I don't really understand the arrangement of the words to form a sentence. Like, "Eats the boy an apple"? Can anyone explain?
Irish (Gaelic) isn't a language that fits the exact translation. Like many other languages, the exact translations in English will seem a bit "off". You just have to use the words in the applicable context and they adapt on their own (to some extent.) Happy learning, friend. ;)
I am Irish, I grew up learning both Connemara and Donegal Irish, I got a wrong answer for 'Itheann an buachaill an úll' , as a native speaker this is what I would say. I use duolingo to brush up on my language because if you don't use it enough you forget it. Sometimes this app gets it wrong and some comments don't help. I understand Munster Irish can be different so this might explain it?
Itheann an buachaill an t-úll is "the boy ate THE apple".
This exercise doesn't have a definite article before "apple".
For what I understood until now, "an" means "the", while "mé" is either "I" or has something to do with the construction of the verb "to be", since, if I recall correctly, "Is mé" means "I am". I'm sorry I cannot be any more helpful, I've just started this course...
"I" in Irish is mé. It doesn't have anything to do with the verb to be. There are two different forms of "to be" in Irish, which as used in this question are Tá and Is. They refer to two different types of being. Is ... mé refers to WHAT something is, while Tá mé ... refers to HOW somthing is. For example. "Is buchaill mé" means that you are a boy, while Tá mé (usually shortened to Táim) means how you are it. For example: Táim tart.
i got confused with a lot of the words just because they look so much like some of the words in English bit have different meanings
So, the word order is eats, the boy, apple? Verb, subject, object? What's up with Irish's strange word order?