Got confused, thought it was Ik instead Het, someone can tell me the difference?
'Ik' means 'I'. 'Het' means 'it' as well as 'the' for neuter nouns. In this sentence, it means 'the'. Using 'ik' would be trying to say "I girl speaks."
No. Meisje is a neuter gender noun, so its article in the singular is het. De is used for common gender nouns and plurals.
How can we consider the gender of noun? And why dutch have specializaton of gende nounsr? For what? How can we know it is neuter gender noun or common gender noun? Thanks.
There are no rules for knowing the gender of a noun. Only 'guidelines' (with way too many exceptions). You'd have to learn them by heart.
- All diminutives are het woorden: het meisje, het kindje, het mannetje, het huisje...
- All plurals (including diminutives) are de woorden: de boeken, de tafels, de mensen, de meisjes, de mannetjes
Dutch used to have a case system, like German. So genders were very important. Nowadays, we don't use the case system that much anymore. There are a few 'set phrases' that include the case system (e.g. heer des huizes (lord of the house); Koninkrijk der Nederlanden (Kingdom of the Netherlands); 's morgens (from 'des morgens': in the morning)).