"I have to prepare for winter."

Translation:Jag måste förbereda mig för vintern.

January 17, 2015

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Why is it vintern, not vinter?


I'm still wondering why vinter is not accepted. There is nothing in the English sentence indicating that it is a specific winter.


It doesn't sound OK with just 'vinter' in Swedish. Definiteness for seasons doesn't work the same way in Swedish & English.
I think it might be that vintern in this case is seen as something previously known to both speaker and listener, since we do know that winter is coming. We know what winter we're talking about: the next one.


It's a reflexive verb but mig is still an object: Just like you'd say 'prepare myself' in English and not 'prepare I'.


If you say "jag förbereder mig för vinter" you are saying that you are preparing yourself for that the concept of winter is coming, which in Sweden is inevitable, and therefore you might seem a bit daft. ^^


Except that people do make plans for such things as insulation for their homes. It would be for winters in general, they wouldn't just use it for the upcoming winter and then rip it out.


Men då låter det som att du ska förbereda ut i fall att vintern kommer, du vet ju att den kommer, och då att det är vintern som kommer. Men ja, intressant. Låter fel dock-


Vinter - CONCEPT of winter - måste vara det


I think the English sentence is not real complete. It should be "I am preparing myself for the winter". I can prepare not only myself, I can prepare something, an not definite object (my car for example) for an also not definite winter. Please correct me if I am wrong.


"Vintern" is a specific winter. "Vinter" is just any winter of winter in general.


Uh, oh. Thanks...


Does it make a difference if you are preparing yourself, versus preparing something else (your house, your car)? the English sentence did not suggest to me 'I must prepare myself for winter.'


It does make a difference. But the verb "to prepare" in the sense used in this sentence is reflexive, which is why "mig" is used here.


How are we to know that it is used as a reflexive verb here?


Brace yourselves!


This would have been easier if the English sentence had said prepare myself

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