So even if it's an ett noun, you still use sina for the plural? No such thing as 'sitta'?
did I get this correct, the sentence "pojken äter hans äpplen" would mean the boy is eating the apple of another man? So "sina" = "his" somethings that belong to him, and "hans" = "his" referring to something that doesn't belong to him?
That sounds right. Sin/sitt/sina always refers to the subject of the sentence.
It should, this is one of the very few things the new TTS does worse than the old one. Some dialects say it without the sh sound, but most have it (but not all people who pronounce it as sh are aware that they do).
I know this is totally unrelated, but I am really amazed at all the languages you know and at your killstreak D:
Why is "Äpplen" plural? Shouldn't it be "THE apple"? From my experience so far, "n" suffixes add a definite article to the front (björnen = the bear). "r" suffixes make the word plural (Kvinnor = Women) and both add the definite article AND make it plural (Don't know an example by heart.. something like.. Kvinnorna?)
It's because äpple is an ett word. Ett words ending in a vowel behave like this:
ett äpple 'an apple'
äpplet 'the apple'
äpplena 'the apples'
For en words, the -en ending signifies singular definite instead: en bok, boken 'a book, the book'.
Is there a way to tell if a word is an "ett" or "en" or is it just a matter of remembering by heart?
sina always points to something owned by the subject in the same clause. Since the subject here is the boy, we know that it is his apples.
If it's sina, the apples are his own. If it's hans, they belong to some other male.
- sin = for a singular en-word
- sitt = for a singular ett-word
- sina = for plurals
'their' was marked as incorrect and told me I have to use 'his', but in English singular 'their' is acceptable (as in 'their own')
You can use "their" in English as a substitute for a gendered pronoun when gender identity is unknown, but "boy" is a gendered word so using "their" does not work quite well. It'd be a great fit for e.g. "child" rather than "boy".