how do you use "zij" vs. "ze." Also, when do you use "jij" vs. "je." Is it just a matter of choice, and you just use whatever you are comfortable with, or is it more like formal vs. casual form?
'Jij', 'wij', and 'zij' are the stressed forms of 'je', 'we' and 'ze'. You use the stressed forms for more emphasis (just imagine pointing at the person/group you mean). If you use it in a conversation, you just have to say the stressed form once, and than you can use the unstressed form, because the emphasis would be clear already. ;)
Why is it goede and not goed? I thought that when we have ''het'' before noun we should not use ''e'' at the end of the adjective.
'Kinderen' being plural is a 'de' word, so it does have the 'e' at the end of its adjective.
Why is it not zij when the verb is in the plural form? Doesn't ze = she, while zij is stressed she or they?
Both ze and zij are used in both the singular and in the plural form. The verb conjugation will tell you if the singular or plural form is meant:
- ze/zij hebben = they have
- ze/zij heeft = she has