https://www.duolingo.com/Mygrapefruit

"A mi hijo" and not "Mi hijo" ?

Mygrapefruit
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My son likes the crib = A mi hijo le gusta la cuna

Why is A used in the beginnging ("A mi hijo") and why is "Mi hijo" not an acceptable answer?

6 years ago

15 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/Daemoon

The verb "gustar" as you probably already know means "to please". In english we say "My son likes the crib", but in spanish we say something more like, "The crib pleases my son". In spanish, whenever something happens to a person we use "to", or "a", often called "the personal a". If you notice the little "le" there, that means the same thing as saying in this case "to my son", so putting "a mi hijo" in the front is really a redundancy, but makes the sentence way more clear. Without "a mi hijo" the reader/listener would only read/hear "le gusta la cuna", in which case they would know the crib pleases someone or something, but have no idea what exactly, therefore they specify, "a mi hijo". The "le" is left there because it's still proper grammer and sounds really funny without it. Hope that helps.

6 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Mygrapefruit
Mygrapefruit
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Gracias a todos!! <3 (see what I did there!?)

6 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/heshamyoussef

I saw what you did, but I did not understand it. Thanks at/to?

5 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Daemoon

Correction, it is the personal a, The direct object in this case is "mi hijo". You could rewrite the sentence as "La cuna le gusta a mi hijo", and it would still be correct and also match the context of your example.

6 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/paulus.germ.anus

Here's a screenshot from a textbook "Como se dice?" concerning the personal a.

http://imageshack.com/a/img62/6518/1xp4.jpg

Hope it helps.

5 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Eloise23
Eloise23
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That was VERY helpful!!

5 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/DeeRod2013

Paulus, do you mind sharing the title of that book with me please?

5 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/paulus.germ.anus

I've posted a link to the pdf file of the textbook on your 'stream'. The book's title is 'Como se dice?' and if anyone wants me to share the pdf file plz write me on my 'stream'.

5 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/jwillson
jwillson
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I see what you did there, Mygrapefruit, y a mi me gusta. ;)

6 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Lea8D
Lea8D
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The use of 'a' in this case is not the personal a. It means "to" as poffandi said (literally: to my son the crib is pleasing = the crib is pleasing to my son).

However, the personal a is something different. It is used when a person is the direct object of an action. For example, "The girl ate the lion" = "la niña comió el león" but "The lion ate the girl" = "el león comió a la niña". The 'a' before la niña is the personal a.

6 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/thepkl

I was taught to also use the personal a before animals but maybe it was only pets.

5 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Bee123
Bee123
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I think personal A is used when referring to animals that you know, like a pet, but I don't think it would be needed if you were simply referring to a random animal on the street. :)

5 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Lea8D
Lea8D
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Mi hijo is the indirect object in this sentence.

6 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/learnTACO32

lea8D is correct. The Direct Object is the crib...whats pleasing? The crib. The Indirect Object is mi hijo...who is the crib pleasing to? Mi hijo (my son) LE is the pronoun which represents mi hijo. This stuff was confusing for me as well.

5 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/rdas

had same question :-)

4 years ago
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