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"A mi hijo" and not "Mi hijo" ?

My son likes the crib = A mi hijo le gusta la cuna

Why is A used in the beginnging ("A mi hijo") and why is "Mi hijo" not an acceptable answer?

May 6, 2012



The verb "gustar" as you probably already know means "to please". In english we say "My son likes the crib", but in spanish we say something more like, "The crib pleases my son". In spanish, whenever something happens to a person we use "to", or "a", often called "the personal a". If you notice the little "le" there, that means the same thing as saying in this case "to my son", so putting "a mi hijo" in the front is really a redundancy, but makes the sentence way more clear. Without "a mi hijo" the reader/listener would only read/hear "le gusta la cuna", in which case they would know the crib pleases someone or something, but have no idea what exactly, therefore they specify, "a mi hijo". The "le" is left there because it's still proper grammer and sounds really funny without it. Hope that helps.


Gracias a todos!! <3 (see what I did there!?)


I saw what you did, but I did not understand it. Thanks at/to?


Correction, it is the personal a, The direct object in this case is "mi hijo". You could rewrite the sentence as "La cuna le gusta a mi hijo", and it would still be correct and also match the context of your example.


Here's a screenshot from a textbook "Como se dice?" concerning the personal a.


Hope it helps.


That was VERY helpful!!


Paulus, do you mind sharing the title of that book with me please?


I've posted a link to the pdf file of the textbook on your 'stream'. The book's title is 'Como se dice?' and if anyone wants me to share the pdf file plz write me on my 'stream'.


I see what you did there, Mygrapefruit, y a mi me gusta. ;)


The use of 'a' in this case is not the personal a. It means "to" as poffandi said (literally: to my son the crib is pleasing = the crib is pleasing to my son).

However, the personal a is something different. It is used when a person is the direct object of an action. For example, "The girl ate the lion" = "la niña comió el león" but "The lion ate the girl" = "el león comió a la niña". The 'a' before la niña is the personal a.


I was taught to also use the personal a before animals but maybe it was only pets.


I think personal A is used when referring to animals that you know, like a pet, but I don't think it would be needed if you were simply referring to a random animal on the street. :)


Mi hijo is the indirect object in this sentence.


lea8D is correct. The Direct Object is the crib...whats pleasing? The crib. The Indirect Object is mi hijo...who is the crib pleasing to? Mi hijo (my son) LE is the pronoun which represents mi hijo. This stuff was confusing for me as well.


had same question :-)

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