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https://www.duolingo.com/Nealbo

Difference between Indirect Objects and Prepositional Objects

I'm trying to understand the difference between Indirect Objects and Prepositional Objects.

A:I gave her the ring

B:I gave the ring to her

From my understanding:

A has an IO, which is "her".

B has no IO

A has no PO

B has a PO which is her

A would be Le di el anillo

B would be Di el anillo a ella

So basically the only difference is the ordering of the words, and this dictates whether you'd use the IO or PO - le or ella in this case? Is that correct?

3 years ago

6 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/eggplantbren

As far as I know, the only correct way to translate those sentences into Spanish is 'le di el anillo' or 'le di el anillo a ella' or 'a ella le di el anillo'. The le is mandatory and is the IO pronoun in every case, and ella is the PO.

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Nealbo

So the PO is simply a way to clarify the IO? The only thing still confusing me in that case is why the PO for "me" and "you" exist as the IO wouldn't need clarified in those cases.

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/eggplantbren

"So the PO is simply a way to clarify the IO?"

Yes.

"The only thing still confusing me in that case is why the PO for "me" and "you" exist as the IO wouldn't need clarified in those cases."

For emphasis. He gave her the ring, but he gave ME the apple. Le dio el anillo a ella, pero a mí me dio la manzana. The PO pronouns also show up in other types of sentences. E.g. Para mí, las cosas mas difíciles son los pronombres.

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Nealbo

Ah right! That does make a lot of sense now. Thanks for your help on this, you've cleared up something for me that I've been struggling with for ages :)

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/eggplantbren

Thanks! Just had to fix my spelling (it's mí, not mi).

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/jfGor
jfGor
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You should read more about the objects of prepositions. You can google, or here is a link to start with; http://grammar.about.com/od/mo/g/objprepterm.htm

3 years ago