Lesson three, Unit Nominative Pronouns.
Why the use of the (e) after the word for dog- 'Hunde' as in the sentence, "Manche Hunde trinken Wasser." ? I think I am confused in Nominative Case.
Singular nominative of "dog" is "(der) Hund". The -e suffix makes it (nominative) plural, like adding -s to dog. So, dog = Hund, and dogs = (die) Hunde. Sometimes, plural vs singular becomes a little tricky in German, so another tell-tale sign that the subject (manche Hunde) is plural is that the main verb in this sentence has been conjugated for the plural form, which keeps the same form as the infinitive form of the verb (trinken = to drink). So, the sentence would translate to "Some dogs drink water" as opposed to "Some dog drinks water" ("Mancher Hund trinkt Wasser").
Hope that helps.
Your hope has been justified. I so appreciate the rapid responses to questions on Duolingo, and your response will assist me very much.
Thank you. Perdre.
@ siebolt: thanks for the reminder about manch. When I chose that example, I thought something sounded really funny in my translation. Probably would have been better to say 'Many a dog drinks water", or...? I still to this day have trouble with that group of words- manch, solch, etc.
@ siebolt, thank you for responding to the question which I asked on Duolingo. Perdre, 11/17/12
@generated, what is the exact problem, the forms or the meaning?
@siebolt: I have less trouble with the others, but I still sometimes have issues when choosing whether to use "manch" or "einige". When I first learned German, I learned that both meant some equivalent to "some", but that they weren't necessarily interchangeable.
@generated, why don't you do as I do learning a foreign language? I pick one possible translation and use that in all situations. Native speakers will correct me when I should have used the other translation. In your case I would choose "einige" because it is more universally applicable.
@ generated: "manch" is a tricky word. "Manche Leute kommen immer früh" = Some people always come early. (Meaning only a few). "Manch einer kommt aber zu spät."= But a lot come late. In fact there is a kind of reversal. Manch- singular is a lot, Manch- plural is just some.